chin Funakoshi (船 越 義 珍 Gichin Funakoshi was born in Shuri ?,, Okinawa, 10 November 1868 - died 26 April 1957 at the age of 88 years) was the creator of Shotokan karate flow, which is one of the main flow of karate, and once regarded as the "father of karate modern ".
Funakoshi follow the teachings of Anko Itosu's teacher called to be one of the Okinawan karate master who teaches karate to residents of the main island of Japan in 1921 He taught karate at various Japanese universities, and was appointed as the honorary chairman of the Japan Karate Association when newly established in 1949 .
Funakoshi was born in Shuri, Okinawa around 1868 when Japan was in the time of the Meiji Restoration. Both his parents were natives of Okinawa using the family name TominakoshiAyahnya named Gisu. Upon entering elementary school, Gichin good friends with the son of Anko Asato, a karate and kendo master who later became his first karate teacher.
Funakoshi family strongly opposed legislation that requires people to cut hair styled with hair models chonmage. As with monks, doctor on Meiji era styling is not justified by the model chonmage. The decision to not want to cut the hair, resulting in Funakoshi was not allowed to enter medical school, even though he had passed the exam masuk.Sebagai educated people are educated in Classical Chinese literature and philosophy of Japan, Funakoshi worked as an assistant teacher in Okinawa. At that time also, his relationship with the Asato family grew closer. He started to travel a lot during the night to the Asato family residence to receive karate lessons from Anko Asato.
Funakoshi flow Okinawan karate master both popular at that time, Shorei-ryu-ryu and Shorin. This style of karate, which he founded was named Shotokan derived from Funakoshi's pen name, Shoto, which means pine waves (movement of pine needles when the wind blows). Aside from being a karate master, Funakoshi was a philosopher and a prolific poet. He often preached to walk up a long way in the forest to meditate and write poetry. Kan means training hall, or house, thus Shotokan means the house of Shoto. The name was created by the flow of karate students Funakoshi who put up a signpost bearing the name Shoto right above the entrance to the dojo where they practice.
In the late 1910s, Funakoshi had many students have, which are considered able to pass on the teachings of the teacher. Funakoshi himself to continue his efforts to disseminate Okinawan karate, and ventured into the main islands of Japan in 1922.
In 1939, Funakoshi founded the first Shotokan dojo in Tokyo. He also changed the name for the martial art taught, from Tote (唐 手?) Which consists of two kanji characters: 唐 (TO, kara; Tang Dynasty or Chinese) and 手 (te, hand) into karate (空手?, Empty hands ). Both are written with different kanji characters, although actually 唐 手 kun'yomi can be read as karate. Funakoshi believed that the creation of a new term that will not lead to the misconception that karate is derived from Chinese martial arts.
In Tokyo, Funakoshi established the Japan Karate Association (JKA) in 1949, and was appointed as honorary chairman. He remained in Tokyo until his death in 1957.
Funakoshi published several books on karate including his autobiography Karate-Do: My Way of Life. Most important relics in the form of a document containing the philosophy of karate training now referred niju kun, or "20 Principles of Karate". Those principles are fundamental Shotokan thinking for all students, and the publication of the book titled The Twenty Guiding Principles of Karate. In this book, Funakoshi explains 20 principles that must be adhered to karate students in order to "become a better human being". Karate-Do Kyohan "The Master Text" by Funakoshi until now remains the most comprehensive book, containing an explanation of the history, fundamentals, word, and kumite.
Funakoshi was training with the makiwara, 1924.
Monument to Funakoshi founded by Shotokai at a temple in Kamakura named engaku-ji on December 1, 1968, Stone was designed by Kenji Ogata and inscribed with calligraphy by Funakoshi and head monk named Sogen Asahina (1891-1979). In this memorial stone inscribed with the second principle of the 20 Principles of Karate, "Karate ni sente nashi" ("There is no first attack in karate"). On the right is a stone inscribed with a poem he wrote while traveling to Japan in 1922.
The second stone posts made by Nobuhide Ohama, and translates as: 
"Sensei Gichin Funakoshi karate-do was born in Shuri Okinawa on June 10, 1870 Since around the age of eleven, he began to study to-te jutsu of Azato Anko and Itosu Anko. He practiced diligently and in 1912 was appointed as chairman Shobukai Okinawa. In May 1922, he moved to Tokyo and became a professional sensei karate-do. He devoted his whole life for the development of karate-do. He lived to be eighty-eight years, and departed this world on April 26, 1957 While doing reinterpretation to-te jutsu, karate-do Sensei disseminate without losing its original philosophy. Just as bugei (classical martial arts), the peak of the "mu" (enlightenment) is: to purify and make one empty through the transformation of jutsu to do. Through his famous words, "Karate ni sente nashi" ("There is no first attack in karate") and "Karate wa kunshi no bugei" ("Karate is a martial art wise people), Sensei helped us to understand the meaning of jutsu is more configurable well again. We, the faithful disciples, for the purpose of commemorating the services and contribution as a pioneer of modern karate-do, forming Shotokai and set up this monument in Enkakuji. "Kenzen ichi" ("the fist and Zen are one").