According to the opinion of one of the elders who lived in the village benjang Cibolerang Cinunuk Bandung, that the name benjang already known by the public since 1820, benjang famous figure at that time, among others, H. Hayat and Wiranta. Then he explained the origin is from the village benjang Ciwaru Ujungberung, there is also a mention of Cibolerang Cinunuk, was second this area until now is a gathering place benjang figures, they try to maintain for benjang remain and sustainable, the current figure benjang which still exist, among others Adung, Adang, Ujang Rukman, Nadi, Emun, and there's more that any other figure who has not been the author noted.
Benjang is a form of traditional games that are categorized as types of folk performances. The game is growing (living) around the District Ujungberung, Cibolerang, and Cinunuk the beginning of this art comes from boarding school, which is a kind of traditional art bernapaskan religious (Islamic), connected with religion, benjang can be used as a medium or tool to get closer to Kholiqnya because before the show, players benjang always carry out the procedure by reading a prayer - pray for the survivors in benjang show no interference. The tools used in benjang consist of Flying, drum (drum), Pingprung, Kempring, kempul, kecrek, trumpet (Tarompet), and also equipped with drum and song sunda.
From boarding school, this art spread to people in the community are usually held within 40 days of ceremonies to commemorate the birth of a baby, thanksgiving rice harvest, the prophet's birthday, ritual circumcision, marriage, and other entertainment, and can also accompany the motion to be on the so-called "DOGONG" .
Dogong is a game to encourage each other by using a pestle (wooden pestle rice). From Dogong evolved into "SEREDAN" which means pressing each game without tools, which lost out of the arena (field), then from Seredan turned into fighting back, is still urging each other to push the opponent out of the arena game without tools, memdorong opponent with shoulder, is not allowed to use hands, because in this game violations often occur, especially when the player is almost pushed out of the arena. With the frequent violation is done then the game was replaced by fighting back fighting game munding.
Benjang game is actually an outgrowth of adu adu munding or buffalo which is more directed to the game of wrestling with chokes opponent movement (light socket). While the race did not munding menyerat - menyerat opponent out of the arena but encouraging in a way bent (crawl) urged his opponent with a head like munding (buffalo) fight. But the movement fighting back, or fighting someone munding remain a force in the game benjang. Munding fighting game using the head to urge opponents, felt very dangerous, that style is now rarely used in the show benjang. Participants benjang game until now only played by men, especially teenagers (single), but for people aged lanjutpun have allowed the origin of courage and hobbies.
If we compare the development of ancient times to the present benjang in principle there is no such striking differences, just matches benjang ancient times, when players enter the arena benjang usually like to show ibingan with wearing a sarong while accompanied by distinctive traditional music, then after dealing with the enemy they opened their sarongs, following which she was wearing underwear on stage, the only remaining shorts only signify him clean, do not bring a tool (sportsmanship). After that, drummers musical instruments benjang tabuhannya vigorously rang the rhythm Bamplang (padungdung sort of martial arts in the rhythm), then after hearing the music began the match benjang, in this game because there is no referee may be among the players there is a cunning or cheating that could result in injury to his opponent. If there is a player benjang his position was under the game should be dismissed because his opponent has given up. However, because no one leading the game (referee) at last opponent could not be locked until a show of hands, which means his opponent playing dirty, if players are cheating benjang was caught by parties who feel aggrieved will cause noise (chaos), mainly from the audience, but if the players benjang it compete with the clean and sporty then the losers will accept it despite injury, because the previous games already know the rules benjang if one is injured there will be no charges. A player benjang declared lost after being under the supine position, seeing a sign like that immediately dismiss the match referee and the opponent who had lost the back (now). Match benjang like ancient times is not done anymore, because now there are referees who led the match, and performed on stage wearing a kind of mattress pads that are not so dangerous player benjang (handyman benjang).
While the techniques and theory benjang from ancient times until today remains the same unchanged, techniques and theory commonly held by benjang benjang carpenters, among others:
1. Nyentok (pounding) heads
a. Beulit Gigir,
b. Beulit Hareup,
c. Beulit Hyacinths,
4. Dead ankle
7. Hapsay (ngagebot), etc.
In the show benjang in society, the number of members of the group of players benjang ranged from 20 to 25 people consisting of one leader benjang, 9 drummers, and the rest as a player. The core of this benjang group consisting of 15 persons 9 persons drummers, 1 leader, 4 players, and 1 referee.
Although benjang say quiet but there are some people benjang players who tried to jump into the sport of wrestling and they managed to become champions, among them:
1. Adang Judge, the year 1967 - 1988 Village of origin Cinunuk
2. Abdul Gani, the year 1969 - 1970 Village of origin Ciporeat
3. Emun, year 1974 - 1977 Village of origin Cinunuk
4. Ii, year 1978 - 1979 Village of origin Cinunuk
5. Taufik Ramdani 1979 - 1988 Village of origin Cinunuk
6. Asep Burhanudin in 2000 from the Village Cinunuk
7. Tohidin, in 2000 from the Village Cinunuk categories of children
There was an interesting experience of Adang Judge, that he had beaten by several young men who are not known, they suddenly attacked the use punches and kicks, Adang judge calmly and confidently be able to save themselves by using a technique dings, so that the young man does not serve and the others fled scared slam as his friend. Benjang technique which he has been involved with, it can be used to membeladiri in the open, not only in the arena match. "Ingredients" that a player benjang should always get closer to Almighty God for ourselves we survive wherever located and in addition the player should always remember benjang benjang motto is "do not be cocky with victory, and do not be sad when suffered defeat."