Friday, December 27, 2013

Kungfu and Islam

Everyone must be familiar with Wushu and Kungfu . Two martial arts is so thick with his native country , China , a communist country that does not know God . But did you know that in fact the two are quite beautiful martial deadly but also proved to have strong roots of Islam ?

A martial arts master and researcher of China , Master Mohammed Khamouch in his article entitled 1001 Years of Missing Martial Arts explained that Muslims in China since centuries ago had a huge contribution in Wushu and Kungfu , both in the moment - jurusnya development and in terms of the philosophy espoused .During the Tang Dynasty in 651 AD , Caliph Ustman ibn Affan ( 644-656 AD ) sent Muslim forces led by Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas ( d. 674 AD ) of Medina on a peace mission to spread the message of Islam to the plains of China . The envoy is sailing through the Indian Ocean and Ocean China then landed at the port of Guangzhou ( Canton ) . Most of the Muslims then settled and spread in mainland China , especially in Shaanxi Province . Trade relations with China were established either through the "Silk Route" ( silk route) . By the emperor , Muslims got a special position . They were allowed to have a government and choose Qadi ( judge ) yourself . Sa'd Huaisheng build mosques in Guanzhou is now the oldest mosques in China . When military commanders An Lu - Shan Su led a rebellion against the Emperor in the year 755 AD T'sung , Muslims ask for help in the Abbasid Caliph Abu Jafar al - Mansur . A total of 4,000 soldiers were sent and managed to quell the rebellion .Many of these Muslim soldiers emperor accepted an offer to settle , to marry with the local population and eventually assimilated into the Chinese society . Arab - Chinese ancestry race is known as the Hui - Hui .During the Mongol Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368) which was established by Kublai Khan , the nation Hui earned the nickname " Da'shman " which means " learned man " , because of their abilities and contributions as astronomers , astrologers , physicians , pharmacists , architects , entrepreneurs business , philosophers , and others . Of the 12 districts in the empire , 8 governors held by Muslims and also several important positions in the government . Including military advisers and master martial emperor who became a bodyguard .Hui is what developing nations Wushu and enter into the spiritual aspects of the martial arts . Sufi congregation flourished in the time it took an important role in the diffusion of Islamic philosophy in Wushu . Hui Sufi clerics often beating Buddhist monks in various contests . Qa Shi is one style of Kung Fu which means seven warriors , to commemorate seven Sufi cleric .Grandmaster Wang Zipping

Grandmaster Wang Zipping
 Philosophy in Wu Shu and Kung Fu inspired by the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad , namelyStrong person not to knock your opponent in a fight , but who can control himself when angry (Bukhari ) .It was once pointed out by Ali in the battle of the Trench ( 625 AD ) when Ali managed to knock your opponent and was about to draw his sword . , But suddenly the opponent spat in Ali 's face . Ali failed to kill and even sent him away . ' Why do not you kill me ? ' , Asks his opponent . Ali then replyIs allowed to kill in war . But when you spat in my face , you raised self-esteem and anger . So rather than kill with sword , better just kill my soul to God .The opponent was amazed by the character of Ali ra and converted to Islam on the spot.Internal jihad against the passions is the master of Kung Fu translated as energy or Chi Kung is known . They believe that the top notch in the Kung Fu can only be achieved when a man can conquer the animalistic nature in him . It also honed through a series of breathing exercises .Various tactics Wu Shu and Kung Fu by Muslims then developed with energy harmonizing external ( physical ) and internal ( soul ) and free from ideologies that are contrary to the teachings of Islam . One well-known technique of Kung Fu Hsing - I- Chuan Hsieh created by Master Ma Li , a Muslim from Henan . This technique is a renewal of an old technique that has been cleared of cosmology understand Taoism .Both of these energies , the external ( hard ) and internal ( soft ) , are two opposite cosmic forces ; negative ( Yin ) and positive ( Yang ) , which will form one without the other . The combination of hardness and softness , according Kamouch characterizes Muslim Kung Fu . Tai T'si or YinYang symbol itself was created by Omar Syed Shamsuddin , crown prince of Bukhara king Genghis Khan captured and taken to Peking . Because of his intelligence , in 1271 AD , Kublai Khan appointed him as the governor of Yunnan and held Prince Hsien Yang .

Grandmaster Ma Xianda ( 1932 - present ) is one of the four ' living ' Wu Shu master who comes from a family Ma . He himself is the teacher of the famous Kung Fu actor Jet Lee . One of a Muslim is the legendary Kung Fu masters Grandmaster Wang Zipping (1881-1973) who earned the nickname " Lion of the Kung Fu of China ' ." Muslim heritage of the martial arts will continue pounding in the heart of China " , so said Kamouch .

Traditional Pencak Silat Martial as a Pure Science

Silat has long been typical to the martial arts techniques , this exercise does not only display but also the rules of martial arts moves in the form of movements and techniques . prejudice to the layman as well as practitioners of other martial arts martial arts know only from the surface it would rate as a refined martial arts motion rambling . Until a martial arts practitioner of foreign (overseas ) kareta commonly studied martial arts , martial arts are not judging that is like a dance that is not effective as a martial art . 

This shows the lack of their respective ideologies silat martial arts , and other assessment is that martial arts is better viewed as a martial art that is capable dipragakan entertainment on the stage where the fighters have memorized the dipragakannya techniques . And indeed beautiful arts moves for the eyes of laymen motion like a dance that is lively, beautiful and does not seem like a hard punch martial arts in general , which reveal the physical strength alone .But do not get me wrong the dance motion a chain of moves that are exhibited to the public in order to learn more about martial arts back was forgotten by all of us , of course, that traditional martial arts lately re- turned through a variety of festivals that took place some time ago .

 When was the setting of the glitter martial Import , traditional martial arts have a powerful martial toy movement , attack and defense as martial technique turns out to be able to knock out an opponent with just a few movements alone . Unfortunately, traditional martial arts are not able to prove prowess in the martial arts arena achievements IPSI because traditional martial arts in general are more stable in a free fight , and unfortunately dipertarungan bebaspun not many fighters that would indicate that silatpun apparently is a powerful martial science . 

Manifold flow of martial arts in the archipelago brings richness in martial arts , so the IPSI which is an agency or official organization or association that embodies college martial arts martial arts in Indonesia divide into 4 sections which can not be separated .4 parts include , Sports , Martial , Arts , Mental and Spiritual . 4 This section is commonly known to be an aspect or content of martial arts that has been formulated with extensive research , to make martial arts as one branch of martial IPSI put through the formulation of sporting achievement in the form of the game , the rules and ensure the safety of the injured athlete .No lag with the art of Silat , which has long been the hallmark of which can not be separated , in addition to an element of art which imaged a high sense of mission that led to martial arts brings a unique addition to pestasi but could not dipasahkan philosophy of martial arts itself.And what about the martial in martial arts , which in fact is a little element of martial arts be forgotten or did not cause the special coaching martial arts martial lose imege as pure and even as if in a fighter gelding with enthusiasm and achievement-oriented college which led to the martial element in martial arts to be a little lost .
 If it is such a traditional martial art that many people would have thought more focus on traditional martial arts are in fact even more storing and maintaining the purity of the activities in the martial arts training . and this can be seen from several streams of traditional martial arts that have been exhumed in trying to abortion .The mention of the traditional martial arts focuses more on perkembagan and organization , because it almost certainly is the whole traditional martial only difference good management makes the more modern martial arts and martial arts is growing rapidly and is present in the family organization is what is sometimes referred to as traditional martial arts curriculum was sometimes there is no way to teaching is still very limited . Staying time how to preserve and prove that martial tradisionalpun able to act as a pioneer of martial arts that can be preserved , because it does have a quirk in the technique . Surely martial tradisionalpun are assets that must be maintained by the nation's youth , and when we can take care of ? .

from :

Wednesday, December 25, 2013

" The Turkish Samurai" and "The Turkish Wonder Kicker",

Boxing World Championships and the world's best technical fighter , known to the complainant , despite recognition of their success in Turkey , Serkan Yilmaz , Europe and the Far East, the selection of the achievements , and skin care.

The participants to pay attention to the World Cup, Serkan Yilmaz said Turkey kick . " The success of athletes and the media in Turkey or Turkey or individual sports athletes come here to go to succeed in capturing overseas markets , but the athletes are taken care of . , Until the athlete and how they have achieved all the challenges , no one knows ," he said .World Champion and dealing with difficult situations , and it is impossible to kickboksl Serkan Yilmaz , 20 -year gold belt , said . "The Turkish athletes , Europe and the Far East , however, instead of the coveted Turkish sports , martial sports, a lot of success in this sport . Recent meeting. Successful athletes from Turkey , the Turks do not know . Known in Europe and the Far East , recognized Turkey as much as I could , " he said ." I also like the social security "Serkan Yilmaz , Turkey , and Turkey 's proud of his achievements as , Kirsehir name and national anthem continues to be felt around the world , said : " We have every Turkish prayer flags in this business is that anyone who does not çıksın time in this area . Summit we have . Want to keep , but I'm the mayor Kýrþehir Mr. Halim Cakir owner came out today , in the name of kicks and punches , and if ever I win , I hope you are happy to come Kirsehir Kýrþehir leaving only the mayor does not like to be ruled by Cakir respect to social security , though I do not . around the world . , but today I would like to hope for the future , " he said .Serkan Yilmaz from the sport for life in the Championship competition, held in Istanbul between the club 's first win in registering for this age group , martial arts this year , as well as art and this is what football is not like the deal , said in a 10 -year- takvando and Istanbul champion Yilmaz , 36 -pound , 54- weight division championship in the hands of all-time . In that year, the Yilmaz 's degree in sports that deal with :- All Sıklet Turkey 36-54 Weight Championship- Taekwondo Championships in Istanbul- International Taekwon -do Championship- International Top Tech athletes Ünvanlıg- All Sıklet Championship in Turkey between the years 1992-2006- European Kickboxing Championship 1993 in Istanbul Turkey- European Kickboxing Championship 1994 in Istanbul Turkey- Istanbul, Turkey, the European Kick Boxing Championship 1995- Istanbul, Turkey Kick Boxing World Championship 1996- Istanbul European Kickboxing Championship 1997 in TurkeyTurkey - Istanbul 1999 Kick Boxing World Champion- Kick Boxing World Championships in Istanbul, Turkey , 2000- Istanbul, Turkey Kick Boxing World Championship 2001Turkey - Istanbul 2003 Kick Boxing World Champion- 2000, Istanbul - Turkey in the European Championship of Kung Fu- Kung Fu 2001 European Championships in Istanbul Turkey- 2002 European Kung - Fu third place in Istanbul - Turkey

' Biggest title comes from Japan 'On the other hand , in 2003, Istanbul - Turkey , Yilmaz , kick boxing competition for the national team during this period, and Japan , in the same period k - 1 kick boxing was attended by stating that , " In Japan , I have been interested in the game , and the Japanese love of Allah . , Japan is the leader of the and on the evidence of my life I've been given and the samurai in Japanese television repeatedly came to Turkey , who gave the name of the great warrior from the world Cup kick- boxing . was £ 70 and I 'm in the ring , Iran has announced the name of our country in the world , I had to round 3 . was a world champion by knocking out My opponent , " he said .Serkan Yilmaz Turkish flag, national anthem , and I read every meeting , the meeting was taken to send the names of the participants , and yet its success is to look at the city Kýrþehir .


Tuesday, December 17, 2013

Pencak Silat Isolated in His Country Alone

SOUND shrill trumpet , plus a booming drum makes warriors more attractive show - jurusnya moves in martial arts martial arts . Feet and hands are seen practicing strapping horses . Occasional shouts and applause the audience to make their action on the mat blue attracted more attention.They are the warriors of eight martial arts college that appear one after another in 2013 in the festival Pencak Silat Indonesia Menggunggat Building , Jln . Pioneer Independence Bandung , Saturday ( 14/9 ) . Proficiency level activities organized Indonesian Pencak Silat Society ( Maspi ) with the theme " Down to Earth and Global Pencak Silat " .

Martial arts is one of Indonesian culture has a very high value . However, over the development period , martial arts increasingly marginalized , even alienated in their own country . Martial arts overshadowed by his Gangnam Style Korean or other cultures who come from outside .Artistic value that was apparent in the martial arts has faded , replaced that upholds the value of sport achievement . Although these conditions are not too wrong , but was judged to have eliminate a long tradition of martial arts martial arts that includes the value of spirituality and philosophy in ." Initially in 1948 , the martial arts is a combination of mental, spiritual , and martial arts as one of the sport is contested in a particular event and is supervised directly by Koni , " said Asep Gurwawan , Chairman MASPI on the sidelines .Asep from experience , people outside are very interested in martial arts since the charge of his art , in addition to the value of philosophy as reflected in his every movement .

"Universities must maintain martial arts traditions that are buried in the martial arts , not to cul dogdog stay Igel , " he explained .Therefore , Indonesian Pencak Silat Association ( IPSI ) should organize events aimed to preserve it . The youth also do not consider the prestige and martial arts as an art that is tacky and old-fashioned ." Have to start again intensified in every school to teach martial arts with music didiringi as repersentasi of art . Do not let our children will have to go to the Netherlands when I want to learn martial arts . Because there they are very antuias studying and preserving the martial arts , " he said .Also teaches martial arts in order to understand how to deal with opponents , instead hurt.



Avoid news or story maze of what and how the actual origin of the art method , tactics , and the science of genealogy Persinas ASAD , then we will be a little expose on this blog .Persinas ASAD is a martial arts college that is motivated by multiple streams silat in Indonesia , among others:1 . Cimande flow , which is nicknamed Cimande Dance ConservativeSilat stream coming from the ground Pasundan adopted by ASAD Persinas to enrich arts martial arts in it . The Persinas ASAD acquire knowledge of the martial arts is studied to Mr. H. Ace Rachmat Sutisna .2 . Silat flow Falkirk , which is nicknamed the Lion StrikeSilat from Karawang - West Java is derived from the studied directly to Mr. H. Sulaiman . Not much is known about the martial arts lineage is complete and clear .3 . Silat flow IndramayuIndramayu Silat is also obtained from the studied directly to teachers magnitude , namely Mr. Ahmad . However, as in Silat Falkirk Lion Strike , we did not know exactly trace the genealogy of this martial art .To create art method and moves the current standard , the board of the teacher / coach or formulate Persinas ASAD mix of what they earn . The branch of martial arts that was compiled and collaborated , which subsequently became the basis of the formation of the rules of art , and ASAD Persinas stance that is now standard , are as follows :DANCE Cimande stodgy ( Bogor )1 . Sitting Kelid ( 33 moves )2 . Kelid Standing ( 33 moves )3 . Pepedangan ( 17 moves )4 . Movement Arts / Kembangan :One slap 4.1 ;surfing entertainment / attractions ( figure 8 ) and surfing mass .4.2 slap TwoThree slap 4.3 / Tilu

Silat KARAWANG LION STRIKE ( 7 moves )Silat INDRAMAYU ( 9 moves )Alhamdulillaah , from the lineage of the board groove teacher / coach Persinas ASAD which refers to the Conservative Tari Silat Cimande , making Persinas ASAD also recognized as a member of the Conservative stream of martial Cimande Dance - Bogor , in order to genealogy science - nine , as follows :Grandparent great-grandfather , as the creator of the initial flow of martial arts CimandeRevealed to Grandmother and Grandfather Rangga KhoirGrandmother Rangga derived from the M. Ace Laseha and M. Karta LionsDerived from M. Ace Laseha to one of his children , namely M. Abdul SomadDerived from M. Abdul Somad to H. IdrisDerived from H. Idris to Mrs. Kurnia DedengDerived from the mother to her son Dedeng Kurnia , namely Bp . Ace Sutisna Rachmat , who also serves as Chairman of the Conservative Tari Silat Cimande , Bogor - West JavaDerived from Bp . Ace Rachmat Sutisna to 8 teachers / coaches in the ranks of the NT Persinas ASAD . They are : General Sujatmiko Supriyatna , Bachtiar Ahmad Mukti , Edi Susilo , Sulthon Aulia , Poyo Wiyanto , Yusuf Wibisono , and Antong Samijo .Such is little description of the origins of the art rules , tactics , and pedigree that currently applies in Persinas ASAD . We apologize profusely if there is an error writing the brief description above .


Wednesday, October 9, 2013


        picture from

Yongmoodo history began on October 15, 1995 where Martial Reearch The Institute of Yong In University Yongmoodo Korean martial art form which is a combination of martial art Judo , Taekwondo , Apkido , Ssirum , and Hon Sin Sul . Yongmoodo is the root of martial Hon Sin Sul which means martial arts .

The term comes from the Word Hankido Yongmoodo Developed in Korea in 1976 . Then the name changed to Kukmodo and turned into Yongmoodo . Yongmoodo 3 syllables come from , namely:

1 . YONG means dragon . Dragon in adorable by many people who believed to have mystical abilities . Dragon is also believed to be able to put out the fire flew from his mouth , live under water or under ground , mastering nature that can cause tsunami , earthquake and bring prosperity and good luck to those who believe .

2 . MU or MOO means Martial which refers to a battle that refers to prtempuran and fights , and strategic defense , physical , mental , and fisikologi .

3 . DO meaningful ways to practice and way of life , a way of life that is empty and contains Philosopi well as the ability to learn from nature , life and fights , against nature .

Yongmoodo has been promoted by thousands of alumni from Yong In University and the Master or Grand Master , which was inaugurated on 25 April 2002 , forming the Federation of Martial Arts Organization Yongmoodo and gained fame not only in Korea but all over the world and has spread across the State - the State :

1 . North America , especially in the United States , Canada and other regions in the Americas .
2 . European countries , especially in France ,
3 . In Asia , especially East Asia dI Countries like North and South Korea , Hongkong , Taiwan , Macao and parts of Southeast Asia .

Founder Martial Yongmoodo among others :

1 . Kim Byung Chun who is president Yongmoodo Internaional Association in Korea .
2 . Prof Lee Byung Ik , Prof. Kim Eui Yong and Prof. Chang Woo Kim , who served in the Department of Oriental Martial Art at Yong In University .
3 . Prof. Kang Min Chu , who served as secretary of the General Association of International Yongmoodo .

Rank and belt color in martial Yongmoodo that there is :
1 . Rank 10 = white belt
2 . Rank 9 = Yellow Belt
3 . Rank 8 = Yellow Belt
4 . Rank 7 = Green Belt
5 . Rank 6 = Green Belt
6 . Rank 5 = Blue Belt
7 . Rank 4 = Blue Belt
8 . Rank 3 = Belt Brown
9 . Rank 2 = Belt Brown
10 . Rank 1 = Red Belt

After the Red Belt Martial participants can Yongmoodo And I or Black Belt with capabilities include Engineering Skill Basic , Intermediate , Advanced level and the use of tools .


Yongmoodo martial arts training requires eternal , must be in a way to minimize the risk Rehearse exercises that can be fatal . Yongmoodo martial arts training requires considerable preparation and introduction of techniques - techniques dasar.untuk streamline possibility - small chances hurt experienced by the beginner then there is need for supervision and training gradually , level and continue to be risks and safety training is not means there is fatal .
Martial arts instruction Yongmoodo require - direct instruction and practice from a teacher or instructor in order to things - things that no untoward does happen .

Insturktur should prepare facilities and infrastructure associated with martial arts training kesiapkan yongmoodo like , pitch , body aids tack , mats , sam sacks , gansil ( protective gear ) , headwear , protective arms and legs , must meet safety standards and are also targets for in carrying out the exercise . Exercise should be controlled , monitored and evaluated .

Yongmoodo began practicing martial arts with the heating so that the body is ready to receive the material - the material practice . Heating is done primarily in parts - parts joints , fingers - fingers and feet . The most important parts that must be trained every day is our psychology . Refreshment process also needs to be implemented in practice meditation and breathing .

Any coach or instructor should have the ability to cope with all possibilities that would occur in the implementation of the exercise . Because in studying martial arts Yongmoodo accident prone in practice .


Taekwondo is a Korean martial art which originated from the oldest an amalgamation of unarmed combat styles developed by the three rival Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo , Silla and Baekje , where young men were trained in unarmed combat techniques to develop strength , speed , and survival skills . The most popular of these techniques was subak , with taekkyeon the most popular of the segments of subak . Those who show a strong innate talent selected as trainees in the new special warrior corps , called the Hwarang . It was believed that young men with a talent for the liberal arts may have the talent to become competent warriors . These warriors were instructed in academics as well as martial arts , learning philosophy , history , ethics , and equestrian sports . Their military training included war program involving swordsmanship and archery , both on horseback and on foot , as well as lessons in military tactics and combat using subak armed soldiers . Although subak was a leg -oriented art in Goguryeo using , Silla's influence added hand techniques to the practice of subak .

During this time some selected taekkyeon Silla warriors were given training by the early masters from Koguryo . These warriors then became known as the Hwarang . Hwarang set up a military academy for children in Silla called Hwarang -do , which means "the way of maturity . " Hwarang studied taekkyeon , history , Confucian philosophy , ethics , Buddhist morality , social skills and military tactics . The principles of the Hwarang warriors were based on Won Gwang the five codes of human conduct and included loyalty , filial duty , trustworthiness , valor and justice . Taekkyeon spread throughout Korea because the Hwarang trip around the peninsula to learn about the other regions and people .

Apart from the rich history of the Korean martial art of ancient and traditional , Korean martial arts faded into obscurity during the Joseon Dynasty . Korean society became highly centralized under Korean Confucianism and martial arts were poorly regarded in a society that aspired to and was epitomized by its scholar - kings . Formal practices of traditional martial arts such as subak and taekkyeon provided to military sanctions . Taekkyeon civilian training lasted until the 19th century .

During the Japanese occupation of Korea (1910-1945) , all facets of ethnic Korean identity banned or suppressed . Traditional Korean martial arts such as subak taekkyeon or prohibited during this time . During the occupation , Koreans were able to study and receive rankings in Japan exposed to Japanese martial arts . Others were exposed to martial arts in China and Manchuria .

When the occupation ended in 1945 , Korean martial arts schools ( kwans ) began to open in Korea under various influences . There are different views on the origins of art is taught in schools . Some believe that they taught martial arts that are based mainly on the traditional Korean art of self-defense Taekkyon and Subak , or Korean Taekwondo derived from the original , martial arts with influences from neighboring countries . Believed that schools teach the art that is almost entirely based upon karate .

In 1952 , at the height of the Korean War , there was a martial arts exhibition in which kwans displayed their skills . In one demonstration , Nam Tae Hi destroyed 13 roof tiles with a punch . After this demonstration , South Korean President Syngman Rhee instructed Choi Hong Hi to introduce the martial arts to the Korean army . In the mid -1950s , nine kwans has emerged . Syngman Rhee ordered the subject to various schools under one system . The name " taekwondo " was delivered by either Choi Hong Hi ( of the Oh Do Kwan ) or Song Duk Son ( of the Chung Do Kwan ) , and was accepted on April 11, 1955. As it stands today , the nine kwans is the founder of taekwondo , though not all kwans use the name . Korea Taekwondo Association ( KTA ) was formed in 1959/1961 to facilitate the unification .

In the early 1960s , Taekwondo made ​​its debut worldwide with assignment of the original master of taekwondo to various countries . Standardization efforts in South Korea stalled , as kwans continues to teach taekwondo with different styles . Another request from the Korean government for unification resulted in the formation Korea Tae Soo Do Association , which changed its name back to the Korea Taekwondo Association in 1965 following a change of leadership . International Taekwon - Do Federation was founded in 1966 , followed by World Taekwondo Federation in 1973 .

Since 2000 , Taekwondo has been one of only two Asian martial arts ( the other being judo ) that are included in the Olympics , and became in 1988 taeknowndo event begins with games in Seoul , and became an official event began with the 2000 medal game in Sydney . In 2010 , Taekwondo accepted as a Commonwealth Games sport .

One source estimates that as of 2009 , Taekwondo was practiced in 123 countries , with over 30 million practitioners and 3 million individuals with black belts throughout the world . The South Korean government in the same year published an estimate of 70 million practitioners in 190 countries taekwondoin


Wednesday, June 12, 2013

Choi Hong Hi

Choi Hong Hi

Choi Hong Hi (9 November 1918 – 15 June 2002), also known as General Choi, was a South Korean army general and martial artist who is a controversial figure in the history of the Korean martial art of taekwondo.[a] Choi is regarded by many as the 'Founder of Taekwondo'—most often by International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) organizations. Others, such as World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) omit him from their versions of taekwondo history

Early life

Choi was born on 9 November 1918 in Hwa Dae, Myŏngch'ŏn county, in what is now North Korea, which was then under Japanese rule. At the time, the place was named Meigawa-gun (Myongchon-kun), Kankyo-hokudo (Hamgyong-Pukto), Chosen, as part of the Empire of Japan. Choi's father sent him to study calligraphy under Han Il Dong, who was also "a master of Taek Kyon, the ancient Korean art of foot fighting" (Park, 1993, p. 241). Choi travelled to Japan, where he studied English, mathematics, and karate. In Kyoto, he met a fellow Korean with the surname Kim, who was a karate instructor and taught Choi this martial art. Choi also learned Shotokan karate under Funakoshi Gichin. Just before he had left Korea, Choi apparently had a disagreement with a wrestler named Hu, and the possibility of a future confrontation inspired him to train; in his own words, "I would imagine that these were the techniques I would use to defend myself against the wrestler, Mr. Hu, if he did attempt to carry out his promise to tear me limb from limb when I eventually returned to Korea" (Park, 1993, p. 242). Choi attained the rank of 1st dan in karate in 1939, and then 2nd dan soon after.

Military career

Choi had been forced to serve in the Japanese army during World War II, but was implicated in a rebellion and imprisoned, during which time he continued practicing martial arts. Following the war, in January 1946, Choi was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Korean army. From 1946 to 1951, Choi received promotions to first lieutenant, captain, major, lieutenant colonel, colonel, and then brigadier general. Choi was promoted to major general in 1954.


Choi combined elements of Taekkyeon and Shotokan Karate to develop a martial art that he called "Taekwon-Do" (태권도; 跆拳道), which means "foot, hand, the way" or "the way of hand and foot" and it was so named on 11 April 1955. Choi founded the Oh Do Kwan, and held an honorary 4th dan ranking in the Chung Do Kwan. Due to accusations of dishonesty, Choi was stripped of his rank and position in the Chung Do Kwan. During the 1960s, Choi and Nam Tae Hi led the original masters of taekwondo in promoting their martial art around the world, though these would be only the first of many such endeavors.

ITF taekwondo organizations credit Choi with starting the spread of taekwondo internationally by stationing Korean taekwondo instructors around the world, and have consistently claimed that ITF-style taekwondo is the only authentic style of taekwondo, most notably in early sections of its textbooks. He was also the author of the first English taekwondo syllabus book, Taekwon-Do, published by Daeha Publication Company in 1965. In 1972, Choi went into exile in Canada and the South Korean government formed the WTF in 1973. He lived in Toronto until his death in North Korea in 2002.


Choi died of cancer on 15 June 2002 in Pyongyang, North Korea. Choi is listed in the Taekwondo Hall of Fame with various titles: "Father of Taekwon-Do," "Founder and First President of the International Taekwon-Do Federation," and "Founder of Oh Do Kwan." Choi is survived by his wife, Choi Joon Hee; his son, Choi Jung Hwa; two daughters, Sunny and Meeyun; and several grandchildren. A memorial service to mark the 10th anniversary of death of Choi Hong Hi took place at the Patriotic Martyrs Cemetery in Pyongyang in 2012.

Sunday, June 9, 2013

Perfecting the death of Jiu-Jitsu

Helio Gracie, who died on Thursday (29/1) at the age of 95 years, perfecting of Japanese jujutsu so that more effective and efficient. The greatness of his creation technique makes Royce Gracie, her small-bodied, Ultimate Fighting Champion champions three times.

Helio Gracie, in an interview with Brazilian magazine Playboyedisi 2001 and diterjemahkanGlobal Training Report, so proud that he perfected this technique.

"Even I, who never weighed more than 63 pounds, could drop the person who weighs 120 pounds," he said. "It's shown my son, Royce, in a fight in the UFC."

Royce Gracie is a champion of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) - mixed martial arts fight - season 1, 2, and 4 in 1993/1994. Gracie, with 184 high and weighs 80 pounds, is small for the size of the fighter in the UFC.

In the Gracie family, which lowers the martial arts, Royce is also not the most skilled. There are still more good brother, Rickson Gracie. But the family decided to send Royce Gracie as their representative in the UFC because he was the smallest. He can be used indicate that the effectiveness of Brazilian jiu-jitsu makes her body could defeat a much larger opponent.

The exact calculation.

In UFC 1, Royce became champion. In the semifinals she defeated former freestyle wrestling champion, Ken Shamrock, the more body weight of 20 kilograms. In the final, he beat Gerard Gordeau, Savate world champion - a sort of French kickboxing martial arts - 20 pounds heavier.

The victory afterward followed the series that show the Royce Gracie against people who sometimes almost twice her body. For two years, Royce Gracie was not invincible.

World martial arts enthusiasts to open her eyes and Brazilian jiu-jitsu is considered the most effective martial arts.

Helio Gracie jiu-jitsu perfect - and then used Royce Gracie - because of his size and sickly. Before adolescence, Helio could not even practicing jiu-jitsu with his brothers.

Gracie family first learned judo in 1916. Before World War II, judo was still often referred to jiu-jitsu Jigoro Kano, following the name of the man who perfected jujutsu into judo.

The first study was Carlos Gracie, who is 13 years older than Helio. Master Carlos is one of the five most good student of Jigoro Kano, the Mitsuyo Maeda.

Carlos later taught three brother, Osvaldo, Gastao, and Jorge, Judo moves. But Helio, who was only three years old, is still too small to practice. In addition, body pain-relief. He often suddenly fainted and unbalanced way.

He could only see his brothers, whose body was large, practicing. Even so, Helio diligently waiting for the jiu-jitsu training. For 14 years he watched the exercise. As a result, he said, "I could be like a parrot and repeat what he taught his disciples."

One day, when Helio was 16 years old, Carlos came late to the gym when the student is ready. Helio offered to train, apparently impressed his new pupils. "Since then, I adapted the techniques of jiu-jitsu with me again."

The technique used is the adaptation that can be used jiu-jitsu skinny guy like him. With 175 centimeters tall, her weight is never more than 63 pounds, he was not going to be like his brother, Carlos, which is great.

"My sister and I perfected techniques as weak," he said. It uses the techniques and principles of physics such as the power levers. "You, for example, can not lift a car with two hands your power. But with the jack can be."

He perfected a technique for optimizing the power lever. "These improvements make the form of jujutsu that are superior to jujutsu which existed before," he said.

Helio Gracie also held some fight to introduce jujutsu. In the first fight, in 1932, he beat boxer Antonio Portugal in just 30 seconds.

Boxing itself, according to Helio, is the most effective martial after jiu-jitsu. One weakness: long berlatihnya. "In jiu-jitsu, joined 40 class with me was enough, twice a week," he said.

The second fight, against wrestlers Fred Ebert, ending with the doctor stopped. The fight lived Helio, then, so famous in Brazil, so once held in the world's biggest soccer stadium, Maracana. When it was Helio Gracie with a series of Japanese wrestlers, Kato.

Gracie defeat occurred in 1955 from pejudo Japan, Kimura, with 20 thousand people watched, including the president of Brazil. In the fight, Kimura repeatedly slammed Gracie with ippon techniques seoinage (thrown with one hand) that Gracie fainting. But Gracie survive.

The match ended after 15 minutes, after the Gracie family Helio throw in the towel because of the hand, which is clamped Kimura, broken. Kimura's technique now used in the jiu-jitsu known as the "kimura" as a tribute.

Gracie said that the moves he developed was destroyed aggression opponents - ranging from punches, kicks, until a sharp weapon attack. "In jiu-jitsu there are 100 types of defenses to these attacks," he said. Each type of attack, Gracie said, there are three or four techniques survive.

Helio himself died in old age, 95 years old, but still very good condition because life is very disciplined. "I never smoke, drink, or eat udapan," he said.

He also ate fish, cold cheese, fruit. He limiting sugar. "I just eat bread once a day," he said. "I learned this from my sister for 15 years and was never cold."

Most importantly, he said, "I never had sex except to have children

by :

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Ken Shamrock

Shamrock experienced hardships as a child. He came from a broken family and was often left to fend for himself without the supervision or guidance of his parents. Shamrock was eventually abandoned by his parents and placed in a foster home at 10 years old.He bounced around between several group homes before being placed in Bob Shamrock's Boys' Home at age 14, where he turned his life around. Bob Shamrock legally adopted Ken as his son, and Ken changed his last name to Shamrock in Bob's honor
In High School, Shamrock excelled in both American football and wrestling. As a senior, Shamrock qualified for the state championships in wrestling, but broke his neck in practice days before the competition and underwent neck surgery.Shamrock did not receive scholarship offers from big league colleges, and doctors told him his sports career was likely over. Against doctors orders, Shamrock joined the Shasta Junior College football team, where he was voted team captain in his final season. The San Diego Chargers of the National Football League later offered Shamrock a tryout, but Shamrock declined in order to pursue a career in professional wrestling, where he debuted in 1989 in the South Atlantic Pro Wrestling promotion. Shamrock's professional wrestling career eventually brought him to Japan, where he met professional wrestlers Masakatsu Funaki and Minoru Suzuki and set the stage for his mixed martial arts carer to begin.

MMA career

Pancrase Hybrid Wrestling (1993–1996)
The origins of Shamrock's mixed martial arts career began in the Japanese pro wrestling organization Fujiwara Gumi. On October 4, 1992, at the Tokyo Dome, a legitimate match between "Wayne" (Shamrock's show title in Japan) Shamrock and kickboxing champion[3] Don Nayaka Nielsen took place. Shamrock took Nielsen down and submitted him with an arm lock in 45 seconds. The success of this match made young pro wrestlers Shamrock, Masakatsu Funaki and Minoru Suzuki question what they had been told since entering into predetermined wrestling: that nobody would ever pay to see real matches.
Shamrock, Funaki and Suzuki then founded a group of pro wrestlers and decided to pursue marketable legitimate matches. They formed a promotion called Pancrase, named by ’60s wrestling star Karl Gotch after the sport of Pankration in the ancient Olympics, which combined all different forms of fighting into one sport. Using pro-wrestling rules – no closed fisted punching to the head (closed fisted punches were allowed to the body), breaks on the ropes, but fighting for real – Shamrock beat his friend and mentor, MMA legend Masakatsu Funaki by arm-triangle choke in the main event of the very first Pancrase show on September 21, 1993. The show attracted a sell-out audience of 7,000.
Shamrock, now an enormous star in Japan,defeated world kickboxing champion and future UFC Heavyweight Champion Maurice Smith and Alex Cook in the Opening Round of the 16 man King of Pancrase Tournament and Masakatsu Funaki and Manabu Yamada in the Second Round to become the first King of Pancrase before crowds of 11,000 fans both nights at Tokyo’s Sumo Hall in December 1994. He then defended his King of Pancrase title against Bas Rutten in 1995, submitting him with a kneebar. He lost the title in his next fight against Pancrase co-creator, Minoru Suzuki.
In addition to his MMA bouts in Pancrase, Shamrock also competed in a kickboxing match in 1994 with kickboxing legend Frank "The Animal" Lobman, who holds a pro record of 110-6 with a 90% KO ratio. Shamrock broke Lobman's nose with a right cross early in the bout but was ultimately defeated by TKO due to leg kicks.
Shamrock eventually had a falling out with Pancrase management in early 1996 and left the company to compete in the UFC full-time. Shamrock left Pancrase with a record of 17-3.

Ultimate Fighting Championship (1993–1996)

On November 12, 1993, after the first three Pancrase shows, Shamrock returned to America to fight in the newly formed Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), despite fighting in Japan just four days earlier. Masakatsu Funaki served as Shamrock's head trainer for the event.[citation needed] The event was held under a one-night tournament format with minimal rules (in contrast to Pancrase, which had extensive rules and a gentleman's agreement not to strike on the ground). Shamrock's first opponent was Patrick Smith. In the opening seconds of the fight, Smith came forward and threw a leg kick, but Shamrock shot off the kick for a double-leg takedown. Following some ground and pound, Shamrock seized Smith’s right leg and dropped back, applying a heel hook, forcing Smith to tap out.

First UFC rivalry: Ken Shamrock vs Royce Gracie
Shamrock's opponent in the semi finals of UFC 1 was Royce Gracie. To start the fight, Gracie immediately shot for a takedown on Shamrock, who sprawled and following a brief scramble, ended up in Gracie's open guard. Shamrock then grabbed Gracie's ankle and sat back to attempt a heel hook. However, according to Shamrock, Shamrock's arm had gotten tangled in Gracie's gi and when Shamrock sat back, it pulled Gracie on top of him. Gracie then secured a rear naked choke and advanced to the finals. The bout was a source of controversy at the end because the referee did not see the tap and ordered the two fighters to continue fighting after Gracie had let go of the hold. Shamrock paused for a few seconds but declined, admitting to the ref that he tapped out and that it would not be fair for him to continue fighting. After the fight, Shamrock admitted that he underestimated Gracie: “I didn’t know who Royce Gracie was...when I saw him in his gi, I thought he was some karate guy (with no ground skills).” The loss to Gracie haunted Shamrock and was the beginning of a large rivalry between the two fighters.
Shamrock, haunted by his loss to Gracie, aggressively sought a rematch. He was originally scheduled to compete at UFC 2 but broke his hand after blocking a high kick while sparring with a teammate. He still wanted to compete, but when doctors told him that he might never fight again if he injured his hand any further, he reluctantly withdrew from the show.
On September 9, 1994, Shamrock returned to the octagon at UFC 3 in an event that was marketed by the UFC as the ultimate rematch between two-time champion Royce Gracie and #1 contender Ken Shamrock. Masakatsu Funaki, Minoru Suzuki and Frank Shamrock served as Ken's cornermen for the event. Shamrock's first fight was against top ranked judo practitioner Christophe Leininger. Leininger was the #2 ranked judo player in the United States with U.S. Olympic team experience and was also versed in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. After a feeling out process to start the fight, Leininger engaged for a takedown, but Shamrock crossed faced him so hard into the mat that Leininger admitted to being knocked out for a second. After regaining full guard, Leininger attempted a triangle choke, but Shamrock defended it and took Leininger's back. Leininger eventually rolled back to full guard, but after Shamrock landed a series of hard punches to his head, Leininger tapped out. Leininger suffered a mild concussion during this fight. Shamrock's next fight was in the semifinals against kickboxer Felix Mitchell. Shamrock took Mitchell down and forced him to tap out due to a rear naked choke. Shamrock was shown limping significantly after his fight with Mitchell. He later revealed that he entered UFC 3 with a knee injury and aggravated the injury during the event.
With this win, Shamrock advanced to the finals of UFC 3. However, when Shamrock learned Gracie had dropped out of the tournament after his win over Kimo Leopoldo, Shamrock, combined with his knee injury, refused to come out for the finals. Bob Shamrock, Ken's father, tried to explain to him how much money Shamrock would make by winning the championship, but he refused. "When something is taken from you, you lose everything...everything I trained for, everything I had get so hyped up for it and now it's gone!" Shamrock said. Alternate Steve Jennum took his place in the final and won the title, having not fought previously.
Shamrock was unable to compete in his rematch with Gracie at UFC 4 either, as he was fighting in the King of Pancrase Tournament to determine the first champion of Pancrase. Shamrock defeated Alex Cook and future UFC Heavyweight Champion Maurice Smith in the Opening Round and defeated top Japanese fighters Masakatsu Funaki and Manabu Yamada in the Second Round to win the tournament. With this win, Shamrock became the first King of Pancrase and became the first ever foreign champion in mixed martial arts history in Japan.