Sunday, September 30, 2012

Wing Chun

Wing Chun (mandarin: 咏 春; pinyin: yǒng Chun; literally means "song of spring" or mandarin: 永春; literally means "eternal spring"), also spelled as Ving Tsun or Wing Tsun is a Chinese martial art and form that combines martial arts and melee attack and specializes in close combat.


History
 
History of Wing Chun more passed down generations from teacher to student, there is no official record of who and when created. According to the version of Ip Man, Wing Chun was created by Ng Mui during the reign of Emperor Kangxi (1661-1722), the Qing Dynasty. After the destruction of the Shaolin Temple in Fujian by Qing forces, the head nun Ng Mui fled to Mount Daliang (大 凉山) on the border between Yunnan and Sichuan. One day, he saw a fight between a snake and a crane, then Ng Mui took lessons from observing the fight between the two animals and combine it with Shaolin kungfu kungfu then create a new style. Ng Mui often buy out of a handyman named Yim Yee know (严 二). Yim Yee has a daughter named Yim Wingchun (严咏春) who was forced to marry a local military General. Ng Mui taught Yim Kung Fu Wingchun new science to get rid of it for good local general and finally succeeded. Yim Wingchun then lowered his knowledge to Leung BokChao (梁 博 俦), her own husband. The use of the name "Wing Chun" begins at the time.

Characteristics
Wing Chun is a martial art form that is very unique, specialized in close combat, using fast punches and kicks with a tight defense and footwork agility to accelerate the forward movement. Wing Chun can be achieved by effective coordination between the simultaneous attack and defense and counterattack. From this Wing Chun become a good martial arts in terms of self defense. A student must learn to deliver the right amount of energy to a relaxed state. WingChun a good teacher will teach students to cope with the situation by adjusting the position and evade rather than confront directly. Wing Chun style of covering kicks, parry, attack streak, boxing, trapping and control techniques as part of the fight itself.
Basic Training
 Horse Riding
 The horses (English: Stance) is considered the most modern martial arts practitioners as antiquated and less useful, but actually many aspects contained in training horses. The horses in the internal martial arts is the aspect Di (Earth), in power engineering in horses is needed in the power aspect of the Earth. Training horses are a lot of functions, provided we know exactly how the conditions we currently do horses.The simplest way is the visualization of our Chi energy as White Light. If we want to strengthen our legs, do the Chi flow to the legs, so if you want to hand. If you want to disperse the Chi throughout the body, then do regular breathing, and hold on And Dian (Chi energy centers, located 3 right hand fingers below the navel) and then spread throughout the body.The horses which carried a lot of modern practitioners are challenged by their effectiveness in battle. The fight or martial art technique substantially changed and the transformation and evolution. Where once the fight taking power, now more into engineering. Many martial arts practitioner who has always maintained a conservative form of the horses as they Fighting. this affects the effectiveness and efficiency of their own movement. Where now standing style of most martial arts are more flexible than the use of horses.Like one of those evolutionary Wing Chun Kung Fu, Alm. GM. Bruce Lee (Lee Hsiao Lung) have analyzed a variety of martial arts. He recorded several martial analyzed and implemented, and grafted into the Wing Chun are Taekwondo, Kempo Karate, Jujutsu, Thai Chi, FMA, etc.. According to him, large horses, will produce great power, but the pace will slow down. Likewise, small horses that will produce a small, but fast. horses were taught form he is the best according to his analysis.The horses in Wing Chun also called San Zhan horses (or horses Mountains) or in Japanese is called San Chin Daiichi. The first training is still training horses. In this technique, strength training toes, foot blades, side leg, thigh, spine, coccyx, kestablian, and muscle coordination. These horses that exercise boosted flesiblelitas engineering techniques will increase the pace, so that the body is lighter.There are 3 kinds of shifts horse - horses in wing chun (mandarin: Hang Ma) include:1. Hang Ma in place (Step One Spot Body Movement)In this style, Hang Ma focused on one point on one leg. where the momentum shifts are greatest at the waist. on Hang Ma, it is emphasized in the rotation at the waist. Hang Ma is particularly useful in the fight, where we can simply rotate the body to the other without exchanging places. For example, when we are facing opponents on the left, then if an invader from the right, we immediately turn to the right, as well as the front and rear.2. Hang Ma forward and backward one foot (Same Leg Body Movement Step)In this style, we can move in a condition to attack, where as in some kind of martial arts style, when we go forward, front foot forward first, timer, rear leg backwards first, while to the left, left foot first, and time to the right, the foot right first.3. Hang Ma Switch Leg (Leg Body Movement Step Change)In this style we can move to attack, defend or attack while persist. Actually there is one more leg positions, ie standing on one leg, but most of this position is only for practice or at a specific position. exercise position is especially useful when fighting in a place that is not flat. This training application will be useful when we train a second technique that Chum Kiu and Biu Gee training personnel.

Branch Wing Chun

Six first-generation lineage Wing Chun
Wing Chun has many branches because usually each - each teacher has several students that eventually spread worldwide. So is the case with Leung BokChao have three students namely Yeetai Leung, Wong Wahbo and Dai Fa Minkam.

Branch - the branch of Wing Chun that exist include:
ip Man
Yiu Kai
Jiu Wan
Gulao (Koo Lo village)
Pan Nam
Yuen Kay-San
Nguyen Te-Cong (Vietnamese Wing Chun 永春)
Cho family
Hung Fa Yi / Hung Suen Wing Chun Kuen
Pao Fa Lien
Fut Sao (Buddha Hand)

 
Of all the existing branches of Wing Chun, Ip Man branch is the most popular and rapidly growing up abroad.

Tuesday, September 25, 2012

Bruce Lee (Lee Jun Fan / Lee Siau Lung).

The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:

16) Bruce Lee (Lee Jun Fan / Lee Siau Lung). 

He is a practitioner of Wing Chun Kung Fu and martial arts as well as the founder of the new: Jeet Kune Do (intercepting Fist). He is an actor and martial artist who began his martial arts journey in the field of hobby fight in the streets, including the members of the mafia gang. In his lifetime, he was known for a real fight with a variety of martial arts practitioners both at the time of shooting;; film and on the days specified. Here is a list of Bruce Lee fight of record:


  1. In 1958, Bruce Lee beat Boxer British Boxing Champion three times, Gary Elms, in the third round with a KO in the Hong Kong Inter School Championship Amateur Boxing Championship.
  2. Prior to dealing with Gary Elms, Bruce Lee defeated Shen Yuen, Lieh Lo, and Yang Huang, all of them in the first round by KO.
  3. Bruce Lee beat Pu Chung, Choy Li Fut Kung Fu expert with a first round TKO in a fight Full Body Contact. Sponsors battle is Wong Sheung Leung.
  4. From 1959 to 1960, Bruce Lee was involved in many battles in the street and the average victim KO or disability, so that the police be busy due to the favorite.
  5. In 1962, Bruce Lee beat Uechi, a Black Belt Karate champion, by KO in 11 seconds, in Seattle. Taki Kimura, a disciple and friend of Bruce Lee, it calculates KO within 10 seconds.
  6. At the time of shooting the film The Big Boss in Thailand, Bruce Lee challenges the Muai Thay with their representatives to KO in just seconds.
  7. At the time of filming Enter the Dragon, Bruce is also the challenge of a karate black belt by clicking-Konya in seconds.
  8. On several occasions, Bruce challenges from various martial arts expert either by using bare hands or arms, but all opponents averaged fate KO or unable to continue the fight. In general, the fight was witnessed by many people or experts in other martial arts.
  9. the longest battle and draining enough Bruce Lee is when he is confronted with Wong Jack Man, a Xing Yi, Shaolin Kung Fu and Tai Chi South. It is said that Wong Jack Man is a fighter of Chin Woo Kung Fu School. The fight finished in 20-25 minutes with Bruce Lee's victory. On another occasion, Wong Jack Man throw down the gauntlet again, but Bruce Lee never responded. Learning from these struggles, Bruce integrate all his martial arts skills and knowledge and ultimately create a new martial stream, which of Jeet Kune Do.
Finally, along with the rapid progress of the country and the openness of China, various types and flow of Kung fu martial arts gradually merged and standardized into a form of exercise that can be contested internationally, currently known as Wushu or "Art of Fighting".

Yip Man

The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:

15) Yip Man 
(Ip Man, Foshan, Namhoi 1898-1972).

 He is one of the famous Wing Chun Kung Fu expert and well-known as a fighter who was unbeatable, but very "low profile". He is a direct student of Chan Wah Sun, Ng Chung Sok & Leung Bik (son of Leung Jan). While in Foshan, China, he had some famous students include: Lok Yiu, Chow Kwong Yue, Kwok Fu, Lun Kai, Chan Chi Sun and Lui Ying. At the moment in Hong Kong, a number of well-known disciples He was Leung Sheung, Lok Yiu, Chu Song Tin, Wong Shun Leung, Lo Man Kam and Siau Lung Li / Li Jun Fan (Bruce Lee).
Yip Man is the son of a wealthy merchant family and was very generous. The origins of interest in learning martial arts because Yip Man Yip Man family permits a Kungfu master who has lived the Master Chan Wah Shun to preserve a way of teaching a group of martial arts students in the family temple. Master Chan has a reputation as a kind of martial arts experts as often defended the interests of the little people who are oppressed by a gang of robbers, criminals or official arbitrarily. Yip Man, who was 9 years old often observed practice Master Chan and his disciples. He had begged to be accepted as a disciple of Master Chan, but Chan Master who was then aged 60 years was no longer wish to receive students. But the young Yip Man was a very harsh and unyielding desire, though rejected many times, Yip Man remains unyielding.
To test the willingness and sincerity Yip Man, Master Chan said it would accept a student if he is able to pay the exercise of three taels of silver. The next day, Yip Man is coming to bring all his savings, amounting to 300 pieces of silver! Master Yip Man Chan saw that has the desire and determination to learn powerful martial arts Wing Chun. After discussions with his parents Yip Man, Master Chan finally accepted as a disciple of Yip Man last.
Yip Man studied Wing Chun Kung Fu with Master Chan for four years or until the Master Chan died. To further deepen knowledge Kungfunya, Yip Man then studied for 2.5 years with other seniors, namely Ng Chun. When Yip Man was 16 years old, his parents sent him to Hong Kong to study at St Stephen's College. With the rapid popularity of Yip Man thrived in St Setphen's College because he often serve and win the fight with a nice open flow of the senior or practitioners of other martial average based Kungfu, Boxing and Karate. At that time, Kung Fu Wing Chun martial arts became popular as a new stream of reliable flows beyond that already exist.
Young Man Yip loved the fight until the point where he had information that in one of her silk factory, there is an incredible martial arts expert, but have been aged 50 years. Kungfu expert lives in a fishing boat that rests near the port of Hong Kong. Yip Man then meet the Master and ask for guidance from the Master Kungfu. However, the martial arts expert is actually asking Yip Man Wing Chun Kung Fu to demonstrate it. After seeing several moves Yip Man, the martial arts expert is actually teased that science Chin Kung Fu Wing Yip Man is still far below the standard of Wing Chun martial arts expert! Feeling that his ability demeaned, Yip Man challenged the experts to fight. In one-two motion, Yip Man just thrown into the water! After repeatedly trying to attack with various secret jutsu that he learned over the years, Yip Man finally realized that she met Experts Kungfu Kungfu Expert level is high because the entire attack Yip Man could not hit the target! Yip Man finally gave up and expressed his desire to learn from the Master Kungfu it. Interested in the talents and abilities of Yip Man, Kung Fu expert receives Yip Man as a student. Yip Man later learned that martial arts expert turned out to Master Leung Bik was still a "lineage / roots" with the science of martial arts master Chan Wah Sun. Master Leung Bik itself is a martial arts expert from various schools, but more focused on the flow of Wing Chun Kung Fu. But so far, no one / other martial arts expert who knows the truth is the Master Leung Bik Wing Chun Kung Fu expert until the arrival of Yip Man!
Wing Chun Kung Fu Master Leung Bik and Master Chan Wah Sun actually comes from the same root, namely Ng Mui Shaolin Wing Chun master Leung Bik but made some changes according to the experience of fighting for this so that there are differences between the patterns and tactics that Chin Traditional Kungfu with Wing Wing Chun Kung Fu hers. After studying a period of 2.5 tahum, Master Leung Bik has inherited all his knowledge to the Yip Man and asked Yip Man Wing Chun Kung Fu to disseminate to the public. Along with the completion of the study period he, Yip Man returned to Foshan and aspires to carry out the mandate of the teacher. Yip Man taught all his fellow seperguruan but that desire had encountered obstacles because one of the seniors want to keep the traditional Wing Chun so it had been a battle between Yip Man with seniors. But in the end the seniors can accept that science is the science of good Kungfu Kungfu that can adapt and change according to the changes. While in Foshan occurred many events that changed the course of Master Yip Man's life, ranging from the entry of the Japanese occupation until a fight with martial arts experts in Japan who oppress the common people. Yip Man often challenge the Japanese martial art that seeks to deteriorate mentally Chinese people by organizing a number of martial arts tournaments. Victory after victory achieved easily and quickly in every battle until Yip Man had to be rushed from Foshan to Hong Kong again for being a target for assassination.
In the early days in Hong Kong, Yip Man working in restaurants and day-to-day teaching Kung Fu Wing Chun to Leung Sheung Wong, a martial arts practitioner Mr. May and at the same time the first disciple of Yip Man. Life in Hong Kong often cause harsh Yip Man received many challenges from both streams Kungfu and other martial arts. In general, Yip Man refused subtly challenge but in the end the battle remains inescapable. Yip Man had never experienced defeat or injure even his opponents in every fight and in general after the battle is finished, the opponents actually very reluctant to Yip Man Yip Man because of his humble and knights. After teaching the science of Wing Chun Kung Fu in Hong Kong for 20 years, Master Yip Man died.

Sunday, September 23, 2012

Tung Hai Chuan (Dong Haichuan)


The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:


14) Tung Hai Chuan (Dong Haichuan). 

He is the creator of the science of Baguazhang (Zhuan Zhang) and the famous unbeaten in his day. One of the famous bout was bout 3 days 3 nights with Master Kuo Yun Shen which ended in a draw. Besides Baguazhang expert, he is also an expert in the science of Bafanshan, Hongquan, Xingmengquan, Jinggangquan, Erlangquan and Lohanquan. Tung Hai Chuan himself is known to have other special science called "Step Cloud / Cloud Bearak" like Science Relieve Body extraordinary that can be played simultaneously with the science of Baguazhang.


Bagua Zhang - A History of Dong Hai Chuan and his students


In the Beginning
The Dong family came from Gong Tong County in Shanxi province. Dong Hai Chuan, born in 1797, was originally called Dong Ming Kui and was the second son of Dong Bo Xuan. At an early age he started learning Kung Fu from a relative called Dong Xian Zhou. At any chance he got, he would run off to be with Dong Xian Zhou and was rarely seen at home.
The Start of Dong Hai Chuan’s Wanderings and the Changing of his Name
Dong Hai Chuan’s father relied on farming for a living and their family was not very well off. Dong Hai Chuan was not a great fan of working in the fields and liked to spend most of his time studying Kung Fu, coming back so late at night that he used to have to climb the walls of his home to get back in. His parents were not overly impressed by Dong Hai Chuan’s love of Kung Fu and fear of labour. In the year 1810 there was a drought resulting in a no harvest year, and the family was faced by increasing hardship. It was now not so easy for Dong Hai Chuan’s parents to accept their son’s playing about, as they saw it, and over the next few years Dong Hai Chuan’s relationship with his parents soured. It is said that a young girl fall in love with Dong Chuan Hai, but in the feudal world they lived in, such love would have been censured, and the oppressive life Dong Hai Chuan felt stifled by meant that he decided to leave and make his name in the Kung Fu world. He promised himself that he would not return home until he had made his fortune and had his name in lights.
A Nasty Shock in Beijing
He soon made it to Beijing, proud and eager. However, he was surprised to discover that he was not the only person looking to make their name in the Kung Fu world, and Dong Chuan Hai was defeated easily by all the people he fought against. He was not as good as he thought he was. Dong Hai Chuan had no face to return home and decided to travel all over China and to study Kung Fu from as many people as possible. In order to avoid causing his family trouble, or to avoid his embarrassment being relayed back to them, he changed his name from Dong Ming Kui to Dong Hai Chuan, a name which invokes an image of a hundred rivers. Wherever he could, Dong Chuan Hai would stop and study from whoever would teach him. He also relied on challenging people to increase his fighting experience. Among the provinces visited by him were He Bei, Jiang Su, Zhe Jiang, An Hui, Jiang Xi, and in each area he visited, Dong Chuan Hai made sure to search out the most accomplished Kung Fu masters, especially those hidden deep in the mountains.
The Creation of Ba Gua Zhang
It was during the thirty years of his wanderings that Dong Chuan Hai gradually developed his own style of Kung Fu, and by the time he was fifty he had the basic style of Ba Gua, which in its infancy was called “Circling Palms”. Some historians like to suggest he also had developed certain “special powers” but this can not be proven.
Dong Chuan Hai Returns to Beijing and Starts to Teach Ba Gua Zhang
In 1855 Dong Chuan Hai returned to Beijing where he took an official post in the Emperor’s court. He did not advertise his Kung Fu ability, in fact he kept it a secret, but the suspicious eyes of people in court were quick to notice that there was something special about Dong Chuan Hai, even though they couldn’t quite put their fingers on what it was. Dong Chuan Hai would practice late at night when no one was around, but he was discovered by a chief officer of the court, Quan Kai Ting. One time there was a Kung Fu performance organized at the court and Dong Chuan was in charge of serving the tea for Prince Su. The large number of people at the event meant that the source of water for making the tea was surrounded and impossible to get to. When Prince Su wanted some tea, Dong Chuan Hai found there was no way through, in the conventional sense, so he had to leap over the heads of the spectators to get through with the tea. This of course sent a wave of awe around through the crowd, and following the order of Prince Su, Dong Chuan Hai had to obey by performing his style of Kung Fu, “The circling palms”.
All the other Kung Fu masters at the show had never seen anything like it. The head Kung Fu coach of Prince Su’s court, Sha Hui Hui, stepped forward to challenge Dong Chuan Hai, who took little effort in defeating him. Prince Su immediately promoted Dong Chuan Hai to head coach, and head of security. The shockwave that ran through the Kung Fu world of Beijing following the news of Dong Chuan Hai’s sudden appearance meant that there was a successive stream of challengers coming to test his skills. None of them won. Yang Lu Chan, nicknamed “No worthy Enemies Yang” (creator of Yang style Tai Ji) said of fighting with Dong Chuan Hai “I can not beat Dong Chuan Hai. The best I can do is draw level with him. Beating him is very difficult”. The two became good friends. Dong Chuan Hai’s name spread quickly and soon Cheng Ting Hua, Shi Ji Dong, Quan Kai Ting, Liang Zhen Pu, Liu De Kuan and other high ranking officials were kneeling at his door requesting his to teach them. And so the teaching of Ba Gua Zhang started.
The Development of Ba Gua Zhang
There is a stone tablet engraved with the names of 57 people who studied with Dong Hai Chuan. It is safe to assume that there were other students who did not make it onto the tablet. Dong Hai Chuan taught them his Kung Fu fundamentals, the circling palms, and adapted his style to work with what individual students had learnt before. Therefore different styles of Ba Gua emerged, based on the skills of the individual, such as Yi style, Cheng style, Liang style, Fan style and so on.
Some of the students of Dong Chuan Hai and their nicknames:
Cheng Ting Hua – Glasses Cheng
Shi Ji Dong – Cunning Legs Shi
Ma Wei Qi – Coal Horse Ma (horse is a play on his surname which also means horse)
Liang Zhan Pu – Quick legs Liang
Fan Zhi Yong – Madman Fan
Liu De Kuan – Big Spear Liu
These are just some of the students of Dong Chuan Hai who were responsible for the spread of Ba Gua around China.
Master Yi Fu created a northern school of Ba Gua, known as “Yi style” while Cheng Ting Hua was responsible for the creation of a southern school, known as “Cheng style”.
The majority of the students were made up of court officials and the aristocracy. Master Yi primarily taught court officials and even taught Emperor Guang Xu, while also acting as security advisor for the Empress Dowager, Ci Xi. Cheng Ting Hua, Liang Zhen Pu, Liu De Kuan, Liu Feng Chun and famous Xing Yi masters Liu Cun Yi, and Zhang Tiao Dong became sworn brothers, and members of the Xing Yi world started to also practice Ba Gua. With their mastery of Ba Gua, Li Cun Yi and Zhang Tiao Dong passed on their skills to other students, such as Huang Bo Nian, Jiang Rong jie, Hang Mo Jia, Li Zi Yang, who also became Ba Gua masters. At this point Ba Gua Zhang and Xing Yi Quan were fused together giving birth to the term “Ba Gua and and Xing Yi are one style”. This proved to be very useful in the development of Ba Gua Zhang.
“Coal Horse” Ma had great Kung Fu skills and had never lost a fight. However, he was not one to hold back and his opponents were often injured by him. Dong Chuan Hai was a great admirer of Coal Horse Ma’s skills, but sadly he died when just 29 years old, without any students to carry on his techniques.
In 1882, aged 85, Dong Chuan Hai passed away.
Liang Zhen Pu was born in 1863. He originally studied “Tan Tui” (Flicking Legs) Kung Fu, but when he was 14 he asked Dong Chuan Hai to be his teacher, which he accepted. Liang Zhen Pu was intelligent and lively, and also very polite, showing respect to his master and fellow students. He had excellent “Wu Xing” (natural ability) and he studied very hard. Dong Chuan Hai, nearing his eighties, was very pleased to see the abilities of his young student, but remained strict in his requirements for Liang Zhen Pu, and passed his life’s experience onto the young man. Liang Zhan Pu also frequently visited Yi Fu, Cheng Ting Hua, and Shi Ji Dong to study from them, and he would show what he learnt to Dong Chuan Hai who would refine his new techniques. Everyone liked Liang Zhen Pu and after the death of their master, they became even closer, and the older students were more than glad to continue teaching Liang Zhen Pu, which meant that, with a foundation of Dong Chuan Hai’s teaching, he also benefited from learning the different interpretations of his ‘brothers’. It also meant he was lethal. He first defeated the “four tyrants” in He Bei province, and then went on to kill ‘Gold Mark’ Zhao Liu and ten other people at Ma Jia Bao outside the Yong Ding gate of Beijing. The courts ordered for Liang Zhen Pu to be executed, but due to the efforts of Li Tong Tai and Cheng Ting Hua, his sentence was changed to imprisonment. News of this story spread and Liang Zhen Pu’s name became well known and feared.
The Invasion of the Eight United Armies - Escape and Death
When the Eight United Armies entered Beijing, the Empress Dowager fled, the court fell into chaos, and criminals blew up the prisons, allowing the likes of Liang Zhen Pu to escape. Unfortunately, Cheng Ting Hua was shot while fighting the German army.
The Formation of Liang style Ba Gua and its Development
Liang Zhen Pu returned to his old home in Yi County, He Bei province. He was already well known for his escapades and so it was easy to start a new profession based around his skills. He first started two ‘bodyguard’ companies called “Kui Ying” (Outstanding Hero) and “De Sheng” (Obtain Victory). These companies protected valuable objects, along with people, and ran the route between De Zhou and An Ding. Later, Liang Zhen Pu became the head coach at two provincial middle schools. He passed away in 1893 and is buried in the Fragrant Hills outside Beijing.
Of the people who could carry on the teachings of Liang Zhen Pu, Guo Gu Min and Liang Zi Ming were the most important.
Guo Gu Ming
Born in 1887, Guo Gu Ming never married. Ba Gua was his profession and he was highly instrumental in bearing and passing on the Ba Gua torch. He was lucky enough to be liked by all the great masters of Ba Gua, including Yi Fu, Liu Cun Yi, Liu Feng Chun, who all taught him their techniques. Ba Gua developed through communication between its practitioners- they did not see themselves as belonging to “a style” because Ba Gua is not a fixed entity.
Guo Gu Ming wrote a couple of works on Ba Gua, which contained some of the secret techniques of Dong Chuan Hai, thus enabling the further opening up of Ba Gua Zhang to more practitioners. Guo Gu Ming had hundreds of students and coached at Beijing Normal University, and so was instrumental in the development of Ba Gua Zhang in Beijing, passing on such techniques as the Straight line 64 hands and the hook swords. Guo Gu Ming died in 1968.
Conclusion
There is an important lesson to be learnt here. One thing this history of Ba Gua tells us, limited as it is in its sphere of discussion, is that it is a relatively new style with great masters existing in a time that we can relate to better then let’s say, a master living in the 12th century. The style grew in a spirit of communication and non-conservatism; its originator started his life as a rebel, fighting against oppressive rules and living as society expected him to live. His students learnt Ba Gua Zhang, but Dong Hai Chuan was keen to ensure that the individual maintained their own character, so as to ensure Ba Gua remained as an almost organic quantity; unpredictable and subject to change. Therefore, as a student of Ba Gua, it is important not to get bogged down in differentiating between styles. The names of the people in the Ba Gua story can, and should be remembered, but the main purpose of history is to teach us lessons. Ba Gua is still young and still able to grow. Conservatism will stifle its growth, whereas continued introduction of new techniques based on the traditional principles will ensure that Ba Gua Zhang can continue to develop and expand. Therefore, as with all styles of Kung Fu, keep an open mind, objectively select techniques you think are useful, and do not get bogged down in the belief that one style is ultimate. For this will become your weakness.

http://www.chinaartsassociation.com/wushu/node/20

Sun Lutang (Sun Fu Quan)


The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:


13) Sun Lutang (Sun Fu Quan).

 He is the creator of Sun Tai Chi flow and known as Expert Hsing I and Bagua. He was the student of various martial arts expert like monk Wu, Kuo Yun Shen, Li Kui Yuan, Cheng Ting Hua (Expert Baguazhang), Hao Wei Chen (Expert Wu Yu Xiang Tai Chi) and others. Her nicknames are "Tiger Head Swordsman" and "Smarter than a Monkey Off"


1861 
He was born in a simple home, near the city of Bao Ding, in Wan County, in Hebei Province.  His given name was "Sun Fu Quan."  In 1894, he started using the name "Sun Lu Tang." 
Some authors give Sun Lu Tang's birth year as 1860. 
Anyone know the month and day of his birth?

1861-1871  
His father was a poor farmer in Dingxian County in Hebei Province
His father died when he was a child and the family lost their farm.
Worked as a servant for a rich man.  He was abused by the rich man's family.  He attempted suicide. 
Learned Shaolin Hung Boxing from Master Wu. 
Lived with and worked for his uncle, and studied calligraphy.
Started learning Hsing I Quan martial arts from Li Kui Yuan.
Sun Lu-Tang became a formal discipline of Li Kui Yuan

1882 
Started learning Hsing I Quan from the famous Master Guo Yun Shen (1827-1903)  Learned Xingyiquan from Li Kuiyuan (李魁元), and later from Guo Yun Shen (郭雲深) (from 1882).
1891 
Started learning Dragon style Pa Kua Chuan from the famous
Pa Kua master Cheng T'ing Hua 
(程延華) (1848-1900)
Master Cheng's nickname for Sun was "More Clever Than an Active Monkey."

1891 
Married Zhang Zhou Xien (1863-1934)
First son, Sun Xing Yi (1891-1929)
Second son, Sun Cun Zhou (1893-1963)
Daughter, Sun Jian Yun (1913-2003)
Third son, Sun Huan Min (1897-1922)

1894 
Started using the name 'Sun Lu Tang' given to him by Cheng T'ing Hua
Alternative Names:  Sun Lu Tang, Sun Luc Tan, Sun Fu Quan. 

1894 
Masters Cheng Tinghua, Liu Dekuan, Li Cunyi and Liu Weixiang formed a teaching organization.  Their association was influential in blending Neijiaquan(internal family boxing), Neigongquan (internal skill boxing), and Wudangquan (Wu Tang boxing).
Sun Lu Tang studied Yi Jing theory and Emei Qigong in mountains of Sichuan
1895 
Sun continued his studies of Taoism, qigong and martial arts in the Wu Dang Mountains
1896 
He established the Pu Yang Boxing Association in Bao Ding
1899 
He moved to Xing Tang, 80 miles from Beijing, and taught martial arts
1907 
Taught in Northern China for the General Governor, Xu Shi Chang
1910 
Established three marital arts schools in Beijing and Tianjin
He lived in eastern Beijing from 1910-1932. 
Sun Lu-Tang possessed extraordinary abilities and knowledge of the martial arts, including legendary fast footwork, leaping, climbing, and endurance skills.
He had many talented and devoted students. He was a successful businessman.  
He was know by numerous nicknames: "Tiger Head Hero, First Hand Under the Sky, and Smarter than an Active Monkey." 
Sun weighted 140 pounds.

1911  
He learned Wu Yu-xiang style of Taijiquan from Hao Wei Zhen (郝為眞)  (1849-1920) 
Sun was 50 years of age when he learned Wu Yu-xiang style Taiji.

1913  
Sun Jian Yun, his daughter is born.  She died on 10/2/2003.  She was a Sun Grandmaster.    
1914  
He joined the faculty of the Beijing Physical Education Research Institute.  He was a colleague of Yang Shao-hou, Yang Ch'eng-fu and Wu Chien-ch'üan at the Institute.  Sun taught there until 1928, a seminal period in the development of the modern
Yang, Wu and Sun styles T'ai Chi Ch'uan.  

Sun began creating Sun style Taijiquan.   He was 52 years of age.    
1915 
Xing Yi Quan Xue: The Study of Form-Mind Boxing by Sun Lu Tang is published.
Sun Lu-Tang taught in Beijing, Nanjing, Shanghai, Suzhou and Hangzhou between 1915-1932.  

1916 
The Study of Ba Gua Boxing is published.  
1918  
Grandaughter, Sun Shurong (1918-2005) is born.  Daughter of Sun Cun Zhou.   Bio
1919  
Sun was a Lieutenant in the Army in Beijing, teaching martial arts from 1919-1924
1921 
The Study of Tai Ji Quan is published.
1921  
During his 60th birthday party his personal notebooks and diaries were stolen.   They have never been recovered. 
1924
The True Essence of Boxing is published.  
1927 
The Study of Ba Gua Sword is published.
1929 
Wrote The Study of the Xing Yi Spear; but, the work was not published.  
1931 
He was the first noted teacher to offer martial arts courses for women at Zhe Jiang Martial Arts School.  
1933  
Sun Lu-Tang died on December 16, 1933.  He was 72 years old. 
He became ill and then fasted and meditated until he died peacefully. 
Sun Lu Tang's gravestone shows his life-span to be: 1862-1933. 
Some documents say he was born in 1861 and died in 1932. 
Sun Lu Tang returned to the house he was born in the last few months of his life, and died in the room where he was born.  

Does anyone know the month and day of his death? 


http://www.egreenway.com/taichichuan/sunbio.htm

Friday, September 21, 2012

Shen Yun Kuo

The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:


12) Shen Yun Kuo (Guo Yun Shen / Yu Sheng). 

He is known as a brave Warrior both martial arts and Nei Kung is very high. He is a martial arts expert Hsing - I (Xing Yi). Kuo Yun Shen dubbed "Ban Bu Peng Kuo" because it is famous for its mastery of Peng Quan ("Crushing Fist") is perfect, one of the science of the 5 Elements Hsing I). Cotton Tread Science reputedly able to shed the opponent's body with just enough touch. Kuo Yun Shen've tapped gently and 10 bricks spilled all destroyed. He himself was the best student of Master Li Luoneng and has never been beaten by anyone on his day. Only one person can offset the Master Kuo Yun Shen, namely Tung Hai Chuan in a fierce battle for 3 days and 3 nights that ended in a draw and eventually they became good friends who exchange knowledge Kungfu.

Wednesday, September 19, 2012

Yang Fu Kui


The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:


11) Family Yang, Yang Lu Chan (Yang Fu Kui).

He is the founder of Tai Chi Yang clan flow. In his lifetime, he was also known as the Swordsman with the nickname "The Wu Di = The Invincible". He and his successors descendants are very famous among other things: Hou Chien Yang, Yang Shao Hao, Yang Cheng Fu, Yang Ban Hou and Chen Man Ching. Science Tai Chi Yang Lu Chan himself known with a number of nicknames, the Mien Quan (Cotton Fist) and Hua Quan (Fist neutralizing).


Yang Fu Kui, later called Yang Lu Chan (the "Lu" having two different Chinese characters as accepted) was born in 1799 and died in 1872. Yang Lu Chan's family was from Hebei Province, Guangping Prefecture, Yongnian County and since childhood his family was poor. He would follow his father in planting the fields and as a teenager held temporary jobs. One period of temporary work was spent in doing odd jobs at the Tai He Tang Chinese pharmacy located in the west part of Yongnian City (the pharmacy was opened by Chen De Hu of the Chen Village in Henan Province, Huaiqing Prefecture, Wen County). As a child, Yang Lu Chan liked martial arts and started studying Chang Chuan, gaining a certain level of skill. One day he saw some hoodlums who came to the pharmacy looking for trouble. One of the partners of the pharmacy used a kind of martial art that Yang Lu Chan had never before seen to easily subdue the troublemakers. Because of this, Yang Lu Chan decided to study with the owner of the Tai He Tang pharmacy, Cheng De Hu. He saw that Yang Lu Chan came from the heart and was eager to study and sent Yang Lu Chan to the Chen Village to seek the 14th generation of the Chen Family Chen Chang Xing as his teacher.

Tuesday, September 18, 2012

Chen Fa Ke

The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:


10) Chen Family Tai Chi: Chen Fa Ke.



Chen Fa Ke was one of 1 (one) generation successor to the 17 genera Chen Tai Chi flow which is very famous in his lifetime because no opponent that can defeat him and he beat all lawan2nya without injuring them at all. He himself is the son of Chen Chang Xing, one of the Tai Chi Master Chen's famous stream. Her most famous fight was fight-free or "Leitai" for 17 days in Beijing. During these 17 days, Chen Fa Ke defeats all his opponents simply by science Chen Tai Chi flow. Many experts Martial either hard or soft flow and many others Martial flow admitted that Chen Fa Ke was Invincible fighter of his time. Chen Fa Ke dubbed "Taiji Yi Ren" (The Best Tai Chi Master) and "Shen Quan" (Saint Martial) by practitioners of the martial world. Marga Chen Tai Chi flow centered in the village of Chen (Chen Jiagao) and almost the entire population of the village is Tai Chi practitioners. Based on historical records, Chen Tai Chi flow was first introduced by Chen Wan Ting, retired General of the Ming Dynasty.


he famous Taiji grandmaster Chen Fake (1887-1957) was born and grew up in the Chen Family Village of Wen County, Henan Province. He was the standard bearer of the 17th generation of Chen Style Taijiquan. His great-grandfather was the famous Chen Taiji grandmaster Chen Changxing. His grandfather Chen Genyun and father Chen Yangxi were also well accomplished Taiji masters.

Chen Fake was the youngest of three brothers. Both of his older brothers passed away in their early ages. His father was in his sixties when Chen Fake was born, and Fake was spoiled as a young child. There was no pressure from his parents for him to practice Taiji. In addition, he did not have a good diet. He eventually developed a stomach ailment and could not digest food very well, and his health was poor. While playing outside one day when he was 14 years old, he overheard family elders lamenting his laziness: "This family has produced so many famous/well accomplished masters: his ancestor, his grandfather, and his father. This glory seems to be ending now because he (Chen Fake) is only interested in playing and having fun and not in practicing Taiji".

From then on, Chen Fake started working hard and practiced the form several dozen times a day. After a few years of training, he cured his stomach problem and became very strong. He had improved his Taiji skill tremendously and reached a high level. He was not satisfied with his accomplishment, however, and continued working hard under careful guidance from his father. He eventually reached a very high level of skill where his hunyuan nei qi was strong but also xuling, his silk reeling energy was both strong and soft, and his push-hands was also cu shen ru hua. Masters from both within and outside his family all had difficulty handling him. He became famous after he defeated several martial art instructors in war lord Hang Fuqiu's army.

In 1928, master Chen Zhaopei (18th generation) was teaching Chen Taiji in Beijing. Then the Nanjing Martial Art Institute was established, and Chen Zhaopei was invited to teach there. Chen Zhaopei recommended Chen Fake to replace him in Beijing by saying: "I learned Taiji from my third uncle" (Chen Fake). He wrote a letter to Chen Fake before he left for Nanjing, asking him to teach in Beijing, and Chen Fake traveled to Beijing by himself after he received Zhaopei's letter.

Fake remained undefeated after taking open challenges for 17 days in Beijing and became very famous in the martial community, and people referred to him as "Taiji yi ren" (the best Taiji master). Since that time, the real gongfu of Chen Style Taiji started to be recognized and respected by the outside world. In order to share this art with general public, grandmaster Fake opened the "Zhongzhou Institute" to teach Taiji in Wai Luomashi Da Jie outside Xuanwu Men in Beijjing. Before then, Chen Style Taiji had been taught in a secret manner, kept in the Chen family and practiced only in a small region of China.

Grandmaster Fake's teaching changed this tradition, made this art available to the outside world, and opened a new era in the development of Chen Style Taijiquan. This became the second landmark in China's Taijiquan history. Grandmaster Chen not only had high martial art skill but also high moral virtue. Although he had compared skills with many martial artists in his nearly 30 year teaching career in Beijing, he seldom made enemies and had made many friends within the martial arts community in Beijing. He is called the "Quan Shen" (martial saint) by international martial artists.

http://www.chentaiji.com

Monday, September 17, 2012

Chan Tzi Ching & Fan Xu Dong

The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others: 

8) Chan Tzi Ching.
He was the principal heir of the Eagle Claw Kung Fu Marga Lau Family school. He is known as an unbeatable fighter Kungfu and defeated all opponents in just 3 moves and / or with a 3-inch punch. During this period, only Huo Yan Jia himself able to keep science Kungfu Chan Tzi Ching. Attracted by the extraordinary fighting ability, Huo Yan Jia Chan Tzi Ching invited to participate in teaching at Chin Woo, Shang Hai in 1910. After the death of Huo Yan Jia result from exposure to toxic arsenic from the Japanese secret agent, Chan Tzi Ching Huo Yan Jia continue to struggle and fight with a lot of Japanese martial arts practitioners and the West, but no one can beat he until his death.



9) Fan Xu Dong
He has the posture tall and big, but has the ability to relieve the body of science that extraordinary era. He is one of the experts blooded Kungfu Grasshopper Worship (Praying Mants) and Large Machete (Guan Dao). Fan Xu Dong known as Patriot Kungfu fighter who participated in the Boxer rebellion because it does not stand the behavior of Western countries and Japan at that harm people and want to colonize China towards the end of the Qing Dynasty. There are a number of famous battles between Fan Xu Dong with a number of fighters representing 8 countries, the first fight is when he challenges champion Japanese Samurai in a life-death openly in Shandong. Fan Xu Dong clearing the body of the Samurai into 2 parts in seconds when using a weapon that Guan Dao. The second fight occurred in 1875, Fan Xu Dong represent Kungfu Yantai University to respond to the challenges of the National Wrestling Champion Russia. The fight back by Fan Xu Dong won by a landslide. After the victory, Fan Xu Dong much fighting with Russian fighters but no one can beat him until he returned to China again.

Sunday, September 16, 2012

Hua Yan Jia

The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:



7) Hua Yan Jia (Fok Yuen Gap / Goan Ka Ho, Tianjin, 1868-1910). He is the founder of Chin Woo Athletic Association (Jing Wu Men), which until now has been spread over 50 branches in the USA, Canada, Argentina, Peru, Macau, Hongkong, China, Japan, Wales, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Australia, Singapore , Thailand, Malaysia and others. He is famous Kungfu Swordsman very nationalistic and also born of Family fighter Huo flow. At first, Hua Yan Jia Silat not allowed to study science because of the condition of her frail and often sick. However, due to a strong will and a high talent, secretly Jia Hua Yan younger brothers always peek and the disciples His father (Huo Endi) during exercise. It is said that the perfect knowledge after encounter with one of the famous Patriot Kungfu: Wang Wu, The Machete Big polish ability Jia Hua Yan young. Jia Hua Yan's fighting ability was first tested when he defeated South Kungfu expert named "Du" before actually beat the Huo family at the annual battle between the family fighters. In his lifetime, both he and his student Liu Zhensheng known as Swordsman Kungfu are many defeating various martial art practitioners flow from various countries such as wrestlers, boxers, Ju Jit Su / judo champion and Karateka from Russia, the UK and Japan. Huo Yan Jia's first bout with the fighter the West occurred in 1901 in an open battle in Xiyuan Park, Tianjin. Huo Yan Jia Strongest Wrestler beat Russia (The fight was a "Show of Force" of the Russian Empire to weaken people's mental China) to the punch by way of lifting and throwing off the stage of the fight. The second fight occurred in 1909 with the British Boxing Champion big tall, O'Brien. Huo Yan Jia moves back to beat his opponent with his creation, the Kung Fu Zhong Mi. In subsequent developments, Huo Yan Jia receive much more challenging than Japanese fighter and nothing can beat He at that time. Unfortunately, Huo Yan Jia died too soon, ie at the age of 42 (in 1910) and based on the autopsy Tianjin Municipality Police Laboratory, found arsenic in the body Huo. Chin Woo and officials examining physician suspected that toxins are associated with the results of the last fight with Japanesse Judo Association ("JJA") which resulted in many JJA members who suffered a crushing defeat or a fatal wound in battle mat.



Huo Yuanjia (1868-1910) was a patriotic martial artist born in the late Qing Dynasty. His ancestral home was located in Cangzhou, Hebei Province. As the founder of Chin Woo Athletic Association, a martial arts school in Shanghai, he was well-known for his outstanding martial arts performance and his righteousness. As a practitioner of the extraordinary Huo family-style martial art “Mizongquan” or literally “Hidden Trace Boxing”, he was widely known as a hero in China for challenging foreign fighters in highly-publicized matches in Tianjin and later in Shanghai. Short as it was, his life was dynamic, dramatic and legendary. 



Huo Yuanjia was born in a family which had a long tradition of being practitioners of martial arts. As the story goes, he was born weak and susceptible to illness and therefore his father Huo En forbade him to learn martial arts. However, he practiced martial arts in secret and further developed Mizongquan later on. When he turned an adult, Huo Yuanjia ran a drug store in Tianjin and later founded the “Chin Woo Athletic Association” in Shanghai. In Shanghai, he once defeated a Russian wrestler in a competition. In another case, a Japanese boxer openly challenged him. Huo Yuanjia, who was supposed to have fallen ill, allowed his student Liu Zhensheng to meet the challenge and the Japanese opponent defeated. The “Chin Woo Athletic Association” was a martial arts school Huo Yuanjia started in Shanghai and a few months later he was poisoned by the chamber of commerce. Afterwards, his students and the patriotic martial artists of Shanghai launched a large funeral for him and he was buried in the northern suburbs of Shanghai.       
As it is said, after the Japanese poisoned Huo Yuanjia to death, his favorite student Chen Zhen took revenge for his death. Such a legend was included into a film for the first time by Bruce Lee in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The film was named Fist of Fury and Bruce Lee played the role Chen Zhen. However, there was no such a character as Chen Zhen in history.   




Thursday, September 13, 2012

Wong Fei Hung

The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:

6) Wong Fei Hung (Huang Fei Hong, Fushan, 1847-1924). He lived in the time of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) and was recorded as a Patriot Nationalists, martial arts expert, founder of the Chi Lam Pho medicine and Acupuncture as well shinshe very famous with various types of martial arts such as science: Couple Tiger and Crane Arts, Kick Without Shadows, Iron fist, Toan Ta, Toya 8 Diagrams and others. Her disciples are very famous among other things: Lam Sai Wing, Leung Fong, Tang Fung and Lin Wan Gai. Wong Fei Hung is the son of Wong Kei Ying, one of the famous fighters of the "10 Tigers Canton". At the age of 16, Wong Fei Hung Silat founded universities in different areas, namely: Shuijiao, Diqipu, Xiquan and Guangdong. In addition, he also founded the Drug Pho Lam Chi Instructor Trainers and become the youngest Mliter V Army Regiment Cantonese. In his lifetime, Wong Fei Hung is famous for its many good fights with local fighters and foreign fighters to defend "China's Pride" which at the time fell to the lowest point. 2 (Two) is a very famous battle at Wong dropped more than 50 fighters gangster / pirate in the harbor with only a toya and second fight is when he along with Liu Yong Fu fighting directly with the Japanese army in Taiwan. He himself is a direct disciple of the Way So Beggar (Beggar So), Lam Fuk Sing, Lin Fu Cheng and his own father who incidentally is the son of Wong Tai, a direct student of Luk Ah Choi, Hung Gar Kung Fu expert and also direct disciple of the famous Shaolin Monks : Gee Sin Sim See, Li & Bak Fu Hung Hei Koon.

The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:

4) Qi Jiguang (1528-1588). He is one of the more famous Patriot General of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). At the age of 22 years, Qi Jiguang fight and expel Mongol army led by Altan Khan, who seeks re-colonize China (1548-1552). He shared and Tan Lun Yu Dayao known as Patriot stamp out pirates and pirate Japan (rata2 the pirates is an ex-samurai who lost the war and cooperate with Chinese pirates or despotic local rulers) are often robbed in mainland China in particular areas Fujian and Zhejiang. Post eradication, no pirates or Japanese pirates who dared to come back again because the combat capability of the army General Qi Jiquang incredible. He noted Kungfunya science and inherits all of the Book "Shou Ji Ching Hua" which is now to be one that complements the heritage literature Chinese Kungfu.


 5) 5 Shaolin Ancestors. After the burning of the Shaolin Temple in the second battle between the Rev. Shaolin Temple Qing Army of 50,000 fully armed and aided the modern Tibetan Llamas and Practitioner Pak Mei (White Eyebrow).
Fifth Shaolin ancestors were:
1) Choi Tak-Chung (蔡德忠)
2) Fong Tai-Hung (方大洪)
3) Ma Chiu-Hing (马超兴)
4) Wu-Tai Tak (胡德帝)
5) Sik Lee Hoi (李 式 开)
Based on older literature, it is mentioned that the Shaolin Temple were completely destroyed and burned for 40 days and 40 nights in the attack. The whole ancient records of thousands of years, including a number of legendary Kungfu science and heirloom weapons lost or burned. Of the thousands of monks and non-monks of Shaolin, only five people who escaped the attack and then they spread throughout China while spreading resistance Shaolin Kungfu and anti-Qing Dynasty. The destruction caused by the Shaolin Temple Shaolin unscrupulous treachery that turned out to be lackeys of the Qing Dynasty who infiltrate and sow poison in various point sources of water and food monks. At the time of the second attack, the physical condition of the poisoning has caused the loss of the ability to fight the Shaolin monks and non-monks. In the first fight, the Warriors Shaolin Temple had forced tens of thousands of soldiers, fully armed Qing Dynasty. Failure in the first attack, made at the peak of the Qing Emperor anger. The Emperor collect the best soldiers from each legion and recruit all martial artists martial arts (including the Tibetan Llamas and Practitioner Pak Mei) who are loyal to the Qing Dynasty to jointly raided the Shaolin Temple and menpersiapkan strategy of infiltration / destruction of the Shaolin Temple. Later on, 5 Shaolin Ancestors is identical with 5 Main famous figures, namely:
a) Hung Hei-Koon Hong 洪熙官 Xiguan / Hung Hei Gun.
He is the creator of Hung Gar Kung Fu. Hung Hei Koon was the chief disciple of the monk Gee Sin Sim See. He is known as an Expert Fok Fu Kuen Gung Gee (Siu Lum Fook Fu Kuen) and True Panther's Claw. Kick famously ferocious tiger claws and powerful. Most victims malignancy Tiger Claw stance is Hung Hei Koon soldiers and minions Qing Manchu.
b) Lau Sam-Ngan Liu 刘 三眼 Sānyǎn / Lau Sam Ngan.
He is the creator of Lau Gar Kung Fu and is known by the nickname "Lau Eyes 3". Ability Kungfu Lau Sam Ngan is very high. He is known to fight against the Qing army keroyokan and other martial arts practitioners without having to turn seolah2 there are "other eye" behind the head.
c) Yee Choi You-cai 蔡九 仪 Jiǔyí / Choy Gau Yi.
He is the Creator Choi Gar Kung Fu
d) Lee Yau-San 李 友 山 Lǐ Yǒushān / Li Yau San.
He is a teacher of Chan Heung, Lei Gar Kung Fu Creator (Choi Lei Fut)
e) Ching-Kiu Mok 莫 清 矫 Mo Qīngjiǎo / Mok Ching Giu,
He is the creator of Mok Gar Kung Fu

Wednesday, September 12, 2012

The Swordsman Kungfu famous past contributed to World Kungfu Chinese among others:

1) Bodhidharma (Da Mo / Mo Tat or Daruma in Japanese). He is a spiritual Zen Buddhist priest from India who imprisoned nine years at the Shaolin Temple and the legendary creator of various types of knowledge such as: Science and Muscle Vein Changes (Yi Jin Jing / I Chin Ching), Nine Sun (The Cin Keng Kiu), Muscle Wire Bone Iron (Tiet Sin Kun), Armour Gold (Gold Genta), Five Kick Animals, Finger Zen, and others. But unfortunately, some of the science is already gone. It is said that at the time of crossing the ocean to the Chinese, he was just standing on a small branch, and on the walls of the cave where Bodhidharma at the Shaolin Temple hermitage until now there are shadows formed on her body as she meditated and leaned against the cave wall. For nine years meditating in the cave, Bodhidharma able to hear conversations various types of living organisms, such as ants that are there.
2) Thio Sam Hong (Thio Kun Po / Zhang Jun Bao / Zhang San Feng). In his youth, Thio Sam Hong is a very talented student at the Shaolin Temple. Because treated arbitrarily by the seniors, he came out of the Shaolin Temple and learn to develop their own martial arts with attention to various natural phenomena such as wind down on a bamboo tree, crane and snake fight, kokohnya defense mantises from the wind, and others. After understand and grasp the Universe Digest, Thio Sam Hong youth retreat on Mount Hua San to perfect the science-knowledge. At the time he was coming down the mountain, he explored the whole of China and pitted their knowledge with martial arts experts and the warriors from various streams. According to ancient literature, there are two very famous battle. The first fight is a fight between Thio Sam Hong with a Mongolian wrestler number of very large, powerful and aggressive. Later revealed that the wrestler is also highly skilled in various streams of Chinese Kungfu. Mongolian wrestler was reportedly beat many fighters Shaolin Temple and a number of other hard-warrior flow. The fight between Thio Sam Hong with Mongolian wrestler was won by Thio Sam Hong with his new science, namely Tai Chi QuanTaijiquan. The second fight is pertaruangan Thio Sam Hong who single-handedly defeated more than 100 gangsters in a den of thieves simply with bare hands. Since then, Thio Sam Hong is recognized by all parties as the Warrior martial Without Slam time. Having had enough in perantauanya, Thio Sam Hong ride to Wudang mountain (Butong) and founded the Wudang university with the main base of teaching, namely Taoism. Thio Sam Hong himself is believed to be the Creator of Tai Chi Arts and Sciences is expert in Tao Yin (Nei Kung). Thio Sam Hong is said to live in the 3 (three) days of the dynasty, the Song Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty (Mongol, and Ming Dynasty (Han), and Thio Sam Hong is known as a Taoist immortal.

3) Yue Fei (General Yue Fei, Tangyin-Henan Province, 1103-1142). He was a famous general of the Empire Patriot Song Dynasty (960-1279) who fought against the invasion by the Jin (Jurchen / Juchen) and remained faithful until the end of his life defending the country, though vilified and condemned to death by a tyrannical ruler. General Yue Fei is believed to be the Creator of internal and external martial arts, namely: Hsing - I (Xingyiquan) and enhancer Eng Jiaw (Eagle Claw). In his youth, General Yue Fei learned from Shaolin monk named Jow Tong / Lai Chin. In addition to empty hand combat expert, General Yue Fei is also an expert in weapons of Shaolin 18 Spear Sole especially science. It is said that science is equivalent to science spear spear Marga Yang Family (spear of Family Studies is a hereditary family martial arts are very distinctive and high and only slightly Expert / Swordsman that can match their knowledge of his day. According to ancient records, it is known that high levels of science spear The family has a number of features unique, namely: Science Spear Dragon Fitted / Dragon Spear twisting and Sciences (Toya) Mighty Dragon that can paralyze / kill the opponent without physical touching. Note: Families are also a True Patriot last remain faithful until the end of imperial downfall Sung by the Mogul dynasty). Kung Fu Hsing I himself had vanished from the martial world after the death of General Yue Fei until rediscovered by the Book of the Book of Kung Fu Hsing I Hsing-I 10 Principles of General Yue Fei relics near the end of the Ming Dynasty by Ji Long Feng (Ji Jike). Then Ji Long Feng Kung Fu Hsing I lowered the Family Ma, Cao Ji Wu and others until finally emerged Kuo Yun Shen and Sun Lutang as experts Kungfu Hsing I were superb.

Tuesday, September 11, 2012

Kung Fu

Kung fu or gongfu (功夫, Pinyin: Gongfu) is a martial art originating from China. However, the true meaning of Kung fu has a much broader meaning, namely something that is acquired in a long time and with high persistence. Thus, a great expert cook can be said to have a high Kung fu.
Besides the word Kung fu, wushu and Kundao term or Kuntao also often used to refer to Chinese martial arts from them. Kung fu science that has spread to Southeast Asia (especially Indonesia) in the past called Kuntao, according to Donn Draeger in his book Weapons and Fighting Arts of Indonesia. However, the term Kuntao has been very rarely used at the present time.

DEVELOPMENT

In the beginning, the term Martial Arts or the ability of the Chinese people are Silat Science or Wushu, and not "Kung Fu". The term martial arts in the past is not as popular as it is today. Kungfu itself more pointing to a specific skill and tenacity and proven superior, such as gastronomy, farming skills, and others. Kungfu term became popular after a martial arts legend, Bruce Lee popularized the term martial arts in the West. Jolted by the ability, speed and strength of the Legend, the term Kung Fu became very popular and synonymous with Chinese Martial Arts (China) until now.
Martial arts Kung Fu was originally developed from the needs and abilities to survive, either to defend themselves from various kinds of wild animal attacks, hunt for food, and to wage war against another group of people who are considered a threat to the security of their lives. With the development of the science of medicine and the human body in ancient China - as well as a protracted civil war, Kung Fu Martial Arts is growing rapidly and spread widely, so bring lots of contributions and influence forerunner different types of martial arts in Asia, such as Karate, Kempo, Pencak Silat and others.
Kungfu has a history and tradition of martial arts is a very long, rigorous, proven and effective since 5,000 years ago, along with the emergence of cult Dao (Taoism), which later developed into a religion that has its own peculiarities. In the 2500's began to emerge many legendary Kungfu flow until now, starting from the Temple or the Temple of Shaolin (Siaw Liem Sie), Wudang (Butong), Omei (Emei-Gobi), Kun Lun, Hua San, San Thian, Khongtong and others. In general, there are 100 more streams and thousands of martial arts moves as well as various types of unique and strange science, ranging from the most violent and malignant (external arts) to the knowledge of the most gentle and light as cotton (internal arts). Various flow and knowledge that still exist until now is Hung Gar, Lohan, Ngo Cho, Pek Ho, Eng Jiaw, Qin Na, Wing Chun, Tai Chi Quan, Hsing I, Ba Gua, Yi Quan, Fan Zi Quan, Chang Quan and others.