Sunday, August 31, 2014
Masutatsu Ōyama Inventor Karate Kyokushin Flow
Kyokushin kaikan (極 真 会館?) Is a school of karate founded by Masutatsu Oyama (大 山 倍 達 Oyama Masutatsu?). This stream emphasizes physical training and full-contact kumite, the sparring (sparring) unprotected. Kyokushin means the highest truth, which is believed by Mas Oyama karate as it should be taught and learned. Kyokushin curriculum emphasizes realistic combat and physical strength.
Masutatsu Oyama, founder of Kyokushin, born as a Korean named Choi Hyung Yee. As a child in Korea, he studied the Korean martial art called Chabee. Chabee under the influence of Chinese martial arts "18 Palms Art" which was further developed by the Korea became Chabee. Since childhood, Choi Hyung Yee is not a child silent and be patient if disturbed. He was frequently involved in fights, especially when he or his friends bullied. Aggressive personality is what he passed on to Kyokushin into a stream that emphasizes offense, and the importance of dropping the opponent as quickly as possible.
During World War 2, Choi Hyung Yee moved to Japan and enrolled as a mechanical fighter. In Japan, he lived with the family perantuan of Korea and adopted their surname, Oyama. At that time many people overseas who adopt Japanese names so you can easily blend in and be accepted by society of Japan. After the war in 1945, he studied Shotokan karate from Funakoshi great teacher. At the same time, he met with fellow overseas from Korea named So Nei Chu. So Nei Chu Goju-Ryu inherited from Gogen Yamaguchi, and Mas Oyama studied Goju-Ryu So Nei Chu.
While in Japan, aggressive personality and does not want to lose yourself still strongly attached to the young Oyama. In Tokyo, he often got into a fight with the gangsters Japanese and American soldiers who served in Japan. He once accidentally killed a famous Japanese gangster expert using a knife (Eventually he was released from custody on the grounds of self-defense). Oyama also nicknamed "Superman of the East" by the local people as they often defend the local people of the American soldiers who do mischief. After a few moments, Tokyo became no longer safe for Mas Oyama, because he sought by many who want to reply to his actions. On the advice So Nei Chu, Mas Oyama eventually withdrew to a mountain to reflect on the purpose of his life.
While in exile, he lived as befits a Yamabushi (Warrior Monk). Face the rigors of nature wrought, he got a lot of inspiration from the life story of Miyamoto Musashi, the famous swordsman in Japan. Every day he studied martial arts practice and meditation to reflect on his life. After a while, he was training in the mountains was enough and decided to go down to the city.
Mas Oyama karate championship and become the champion. However, he still felt disappointed with its capabilities. Feeling still not able to apply what they have learned in a real fight, Mas Oyama shaved her head and once again go up to the mountain to practice.
After more than a year on the mountain, Mas Oyama eventually drop to test the results of his training. In a village, there is a bull to be slaughtered. He asked for permission to drop the bull with his bare hands. However, he failed in his first attempt. After being hit, the bull angry and rummaging through a crowd of people around him. Mas Oyama did not give up. He studied the days of the bulls. After that, he tried again. The bull falls with a single blow to the head direction. News of a karateka menjatuhan bull with his fist spread rapidly. In addition, he also travels around South East Asia held many demonstrations and challenging flow inside and outside of Japan. This caused much sensation and popularized karate internationally.
With this fame capital, Mas Oyama then set up a karate dojo in Tokyo. Karate dojo training emphasizes the importance of full-contact kumite (sparring without protective). According to him, full contact kumite is essential to hone the fighting spirit and skills. This caused some tension with elders from other karate stream found practical application of karate directly is dangerous and unnecessary.
The tension peaks appeared in the 1960s. At that time, Muay Thai boxer stated that Thai Boxing is a martial art that is the strongest, and he has defeated many representatives of martial arts, including karate Japan (At that time, karate was popular internationally, and Muay Thai boxer wants to utilize opportunity to look for the name). Muay Thai boxer is requesting an official representative of Japan to answer the challenge. The official stance from Karate schools in Japan is to not serve these challenges, because the purpose of Karate is to foster mental and forging one of the embodiments of the mental is to avoid unnecessary fights. However, Mas Oyama argues that "Karate is not to look for trouble., But if it comes with its own problems, running away from the problem is the act of a coward". 3 He sent his best students to compete with Thailand for Muay Thai rules. Two of his three wins and they are back to Japan was hailed as a hero who raised the self-esteem of Japan. This adds to the tension between these Oyama flow with streams of Karate others, so many other streams which flow Oyama dub as "instead of Karate" and "knowledge of the brat".
Mas Oyama do not give a damn on the response. He formally established Kyokushin, which means the highest truth as he believes it should be taught and learned Karate. He held a tournament-tournament itself responds following the banning of Kyokushin Karate matches. Although in-'anak-tiri'-kan, Kyokushin is growing rapidly in and outside of Japan, especially since some of the first generation of Kyokushin many challenging various martial arts in Asia and in Western countries.
1964 to 1994
After Kyokushin kaikan officially formed, led Oyama to expand. Oyama chose instructors which he was able to demonstrate the ability and fighting style of Kyokushin to recruit new members. At first, the instructors assigned to open a dojo in another town in Japan. There, the instructor will show off their skills in public areas, for example in the gymnasium, in the gym of police (where the athletes used to practice judo), in the park, or at local festivals.
In addition to Japan, Oyama also spread instructor-instructor to other countries, for example to the Netherlands (Kenji Kurosaki), Australia (Shigeo Kato), the United States (Tadashi Nakamura, Shigeru Oyama and Yasuhiko Oyama, Miyuki Miura) and Brazil (Seiji Isobe) to spread Kyokushin in the same way as in Japan. In 1969, Oyama organized the First All Japan Full Contact Championships in Japan. In addition, the CE 1975, he also organized the First Open Full Contact World Karate Championships. Since then, international matches are held regularly every four years.
After Oyama died, the International Karate Organization (IKO) Kyokushinkaikan had split. The split caused a conflict about who would succeed Oyama as Chairman, as well as about the future structure and philosophy of the organization. Until now, the problem can not be solved. Shokei (Akiyoshi) Matsui Oyama was expected to be the successor after he claimed that he has the intellectual rights to all trademarks, symbols, and the name of Kyokushin. But apparently the Japanese legal system forbids that action so Shokei Matsui forced to return all the intellectual rights to the family Oyama Kyokushin.