Thursday, August 2, 2012


Judo (Japanese: 柔道) is a martial art, sport, and philosophy is rooted in Japan. Judo was developed from the ancient Japanese martial art called Jujutsu. Jujutsu is the art of defense and attack using bare hands and short arms, was developed into Judo by Kano Jigoro (嘉纳 治 五郎) in 1882. This sport became the model of the Japanese martial arts, Gendai budo, developed from the schools (Koryu) old. Players are called judoka or judo judo mum. Judo is now a branch of the popular martial arts, has even become an official Olympic sport.


Before Judo
Once upon a time wrestlers dropped his opponent without weapons. This inspired the martial techniques jujutsu. Sumo was originally enjoyed by the aristocracy as a ritual or religious ceremony at the Heian period (8th century to 12th century).
In its development, the Japanese entered the war period in which the aristocracy shifted its position by the military. Similarly, a sport that was previously only used as entertainment, by the military used for training soldiers. During this period the jujutsu techniques developed on the battlefield. The soldiers fight without weapons or with short arms. Techniques knockdown or paralyze the opponent is known as jujutsu.
In the Edo period (17th-century to 19th century) in which the state of Japan is relatively safe, jujutsu was developed into a martial art to train the body for the warrior class. Jujutsu styles of different start to appear, among others, Takenouchi, Susumihozan, Araki, Sekiguchi, Kito, and Tenjinshin'yo.

Beginning of Judo
Jigoro Kano adds his own style in many branches of jujutsu he learned at that time (including Tenjinshiyo and Kito). In 1882 he established a dojo in Tokyo that he called Kodokan Judo. The first Dojo was founded in Eisho ji temple, with the number nine pupils.
The main purpose of jujutsu is the mastery of attack and defense techniques. Kano adapt this purpose, but prefer the system of teaching and learning. He developed three specific targets for judo: physical exercise, mental development / spirit, and competition in the games.

Judo and Jujutsu difference

The literal translation of the word 'judo' is 'smooth way'. 'How' or 'road' referred to here have a sense of ethical and philosophical connotations. Kano revealed his philosophy with the concept of two phrases, "Seiryoku Zen'yo" (use of energy efficient) and "Jita Kyoei" (benefit for oneself and others). Although it is fine, but actually a combination of judo techniques hard and soft, so from that judo can also be interpreted as 'a flexible manner'.
Jujutsu, on the other hand, has a literal translation of 'soft skills'. Jujutsu training focused on the ways ([[word (martial arts) | word]]) specific and formal, while judo emphasis on free practice certain techniques in free fight (randori). This makes walking more dynamic judo training.
The contestants jujutsu using a relatively heavy uniform (hakama). The early practitioners of judo using some sort of shorts, but it was not long before they would prefer to use Western fashion has the advantage of being assessed more functions and allow a freer movement. Modern judo uniform (judogi) was developed in 1907.
Jujutsu techniques, in addition to basic techniques such as throwing and holding, using punches, kicks, even using short weapons. On the other hand, judo avoid kicks and punches are dangerous, and more focused on technique and the technique to slam the organized survive.

The use of the suffix-jutsu-do and
Many branches of the Japanese martial art that has the same prefix but with two suffix '-do' and '-jutsu'. And Bujutsu and Budo Kenjutsu and Kendo are some examples. The basic difference from the second suffix is ​​'-do' means 'street' and '-jutsu' meaning 'stance' or 'science'. Also in the martial ending '-do' usually is not more laws that allow someone to hurt due to a fatal attack, but it is not the case with the martial arts with words ending in '-jutsu', such as in kendo, only the hands, abdomen, legs, and the bottom of the chin should be attacked, while Kenjutsu allow attacks to all parts of the body.
In general, budo ("bu-'meaning soldier) was the development of bujutsu which has been adapted to today (for sport, not fighting). Some examples bujutsu developed a budo:
> Jujutsu -> Judo
> Kenjutsu -> Kendo
> Aiki-Jujutsu -> Aikido
> Kempo Jutsu -> Do Kempo
> Karate jutsu -> Karate Do
> Battoujutsu / taijutsu -> Battoudo / taido

Body position in judo

The correct body position is an important part in the judo.

Sitting position
Sitting cross-legged (Seiza) From a standing position, left foot pulled back, then placed his left knee to the floor in a place where the left toe had been. Do the same with right leg and both feet must now bersangga on your toes and knees. Then straighten your toes parallel to the floor and buttocks placed on the base of the foot. Place both hands on each side of the thigh. To stand up, do the same procedure backwards.
Salute (Zarei) With cross-legged, bend forward until your palms touch the floor with your fingers facing forward. Silence in this position for a while, then returned to the cross-legged position.

Standing position
Salute (ritsurei) Stand with both feet brought near the base, bend forward about 30 degrees with the palm of the hand in front of the thigh. Silence in this position for a while, then return to standing position.
Natural position (shizen tai) Leg opening about 30 cm in a natural position with weight equally divided on both feet. Rest the shoulder and hand muscles. This is a basic and natural posture judo.

Defensive (jigo tai) from a natural position, legs opened wide, knees bent so that the body's center of gravity further down.
Step (suri ashi) How to walk in judo by foot along the floor to maintain stability. Ensure equal stride and center of gravity remains in the same position in order to move swiftly in all directions.
Right-left (ayumi ashi): Like a walk, your feet pass each other when walking
Right-right (ashi tsugi): After the first foot forward, both feet are not advanced beyond the position of the first leg

The position fell and rolled
This position allows the master to protect themselves when dropped or slammed opponents and reduce fear when thrown by an opponent.

Fall back (Ushiro ukemi) feet together and hands as well put together, drop back to the mat with your arms straight at your sides and palms touching the floor to hold the fall. Protect the back of the head by touching the chin to the body.
Fall to the side (yoko ukemi) From a standing position, fell into the back, lift your legs one by one, then lift your hands in front of the body. Rolled to the right (or left) the mat with his head still covered so as not to touch the floor. Then hold hands and body with your right hand (or left).
Next fall (mae ukemi) Drop yourself in the future with both hands in front of the face, elbows bent. Fell on his face with both hands held by, the body straightened out, tighten your abdominal muscles, and immune to being held by both hands and toes (knees raised).
Roll forward (mae ukemi mawari) Useful when thrown by an opponent. From a standing position, right foot advanced left hand touched the floor. Right shoulder and then thrown to the front with palms facing backward, this is done simultaneously with both feet planted on the floor and rolled forward. Both feet and hands should touch the floor simultaneously.

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